Inhibition of mouse and rat lymphoproliferation by gangliosides

Inhibition of mouse and rat lymphoproliferation by gangliosides

Author Montero, Edna Frasson de Souza Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Castro, Lc Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Barbiéri, Clara Lúcia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Taha, Murched Omar Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nigro, Ajt Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Our previous study have demonstrated that Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) have an immunosuppressive effect on murine lymphoproliferation and IL-2 production. In the present study we examined the effect of a pool of Gangliosides (Gang) on spleen lymphocyte proliferation from either isogeneic strains of Wistar rats or BALB/c mice. Two hundred-fifty grams adult female isogeneic Wistar rats and 8-week-old BALB/c mice were used. The animals were sacrificed and the spleen harvested aseptically for cellular assays. Spleen cells suspensions were obtained by homogenization in RPMI 1640 with a loose tissue grinder. After washing, the cells were suspended in RPMI 1640 supplemented. Cell viability was measured by Trypan blue exclusion. Cells were cultured in triplicate using increasing concentrations of Gang (1; 2; 5; 10; 15; 20 mug/well) and in the presence of Concanavalin A. The cells were incubated for 48 hours and were pulsed with [³H] thymidine 18 hours prior to harvesting on glass fiber paper for counting in a beta-counter. Data were presented as rate of inhibition, as previously described. At concentrations 1 and 2 mug/well, Gang stimulated lymphoproliferation (30% and 50%, rats and mice respectively), while at concentration from 5 to 20 mug/well an increasing inhibition was observed for spleen cells from both mouse and rat (from 40% up to 80%). In preliminary studies we observed inhibition of mixed lymphocyte reaction on spleen cells from rats treated with Gang for 10 days (data not shown). Our data suggest that Gang may be investigated as a immunosuppressive drug in organ transplantation.
Keywords Gangliosides
Lymphoproliferation
Immunomodulation
Rats
Language English
Date 2000-01-01
Published in Acta Cirurgica Brasileira. Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia, v. 15, p. 07-09, 2000.
ISSN 0102-8650 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Extent 07-09
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-86502000000500002
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S0102-86502000000500002 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/890

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