The joint structure of major depression, anxiety disorders, and trait negative affect

Show simple item record Carvalho, Hudson W. de Andreoli, Sergio Baxter [UNIFESP] Lara, Diogo R. Patrick, Christopher J. Quintana, Maria Inês [UNIFESP] Bressan, Rodrigo Affonseca [UNIFESP] Mello, Marcelo Feijó de [UNIFESP] Mari, Jair de Jesus [UNIFESP] Jorge, Miguel Roberto [UNIFESP] 2015-06-14T13:47:23Z 2015-06-14T13:47:23Z 2014-12-01
dc.identifier.citation Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 36, n. 4, p. 285-292, 2014.
dc.identifier.issn 1516-4446
dc.description.abstract Background: Dimensional models of psychopathology demonstrate that two correlated factors of fear and distress account for the covariation among depressive and anxiety disorders. Nevertheless, these models tend to exclude variables relevant to psychopathology, such as temperament traits. This study examined the joint structure of DSM-IV-based major depression and anxiety disorders along with trait negative affect in a representative sample of adult individuals residing in the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Methods: The sample consisted of 3,728 individuals who were administered sections D (phobic, anxiety and panic disorders) and E (depressive disorders) of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) 2.1 and a validated version of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Data were analyzed using correlational and structural equation modeling. Results: Lifetime prevalence ranged from 2.4% for panic disorder to 23.2% for major depression. Most target variables were moderately correlated. A two-factor model specifying correlated fear and distress factors was retained and confirmed for models including only diagnostic variables and diagnostic variables along with trait negative affect. Conclusions: This study provides support for characterization of internalizing psychopathology and trait negative affect in terms of correlated dimensions of distress and fear. These results have potential implications for psychiatric taxonomy and for understanding the relationship between temperament and psychopathology. en
dc.format.extent 285-292
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
dc.relation.ispartof Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
dc.rights Acesso aberto
dc.subject Diagnosis and classification en
dc.subject emotion en
dc.subject epidemiology en
dc.subject mood disorders; unipolar; anxiety disorder; generalized en
dc.title The joint structure of major depression, anxiety disorders, and trait negative affect en
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel)
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Católica de Santos
dc.contributor.institution Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
dc.contributor.institution Florida State University
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel)
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Católica de Santos
dc.description.affiliation Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul
dc.description.affiliation Florida State University
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp UNIFESP
dc.identifier.file S1516-44462014000500285.pdf
dc.identifier.scielo S1516-44462014000500285
dc.identifier.doi 10.1590/1516-4446-2013-1329
dc.description.source SciELO


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