Early and current physical activity: relationship with intima-media thickness and metabolic variables in adulthood

Early and current physical activity: relationship with intima-media thickness and metabolic variables in adulthood

Author Lima, Manoel C. S. Google Scholar
Barbosa, Maurício F. Google Scholar
Diniz, Tiego A. Google Scholar
Codogno, Jamile S. Google Scholar
Freitas Júnior, Ismael F. Google Scholar
Fernandes, Rômulo A. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Background:It is unclear whether early physical activity has a greater influence on intima-media thickness and metabolic variables than current physical activity.Objective: To analyze the relationship between current and early physical activity, metabolic variables, and intima-media thickness measures in adults.Method: The sample was composed of 55 healthy subjects of both sexes (33 men and 22 women). Total body fat and trunk fat were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Carotid and femoral intima-media thickness were measured using a Doppler ultrasound device. A 12-hour fasting blood sample collection was taken (fasting glucose and lipid profile). Early physical activity was assessed through face-to-face interview, and the current physical activity was assessed by pedometer (Digi-Walker Yamax, SW200), which was used for a period of seven days.Results: Current physical activity was negatively related to total cholesterol (rho=-0.31), while early physical activity was negatively related to triglycerides (rho=-0.42), total cholesterol (rho=-0.28), very low density lipoprotein (rho=-0.44), and carotid intima-media thickness (rho=-0.50). In the multivariate model, subjects engaged in sports activities during early life had lower values of very low density lipoprotein (b=-8.74 [b=-16.1; -1.47]) and carotid intima-media thickness (b=-0.17 [95%CI: -0.28; -0.05]).Conclusion: Early 95%CI physical activity has a significant influence on carotid intima-media thickness, regardless of the current physical activity.
Keywords maintenance of physical activity
physical activity
atherosclerosis
insulin resistance
movement
Language English
Date 2014-10-01
Published in Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy. Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia , v. 18, n. 5, p. 462-469, 2014.
ISSN 1413-3555 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Extent 462-469
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/bjpt-rbf.2014.0040
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S1413-35552014000500462 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/8624

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