Sensory processing abilities of children with ADHD

Sensory processing abilities of children with ADHD

Author Shimizu, Vitoria Tiemi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bueno, Orlando Francisco Amodeo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Miranda, Mônica Carolina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract OBJECTIVE:To assess and compare the sensory processing abilities of children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and children without disabilities, and to analyze the relationship between sensory processing difficulties and behavioural symptoms presented by children with ADHD.METHOD : Thirty-seven children with ADHD were compared with thirty-seven controls using a translated and adapted version of the Sensory Profile answered by the parents/caregivers. For the ADHD group, Sensory Profile scores were correlated to behavioural symptoms assessed using the Child Behaviour Check List (CBCL) and the Behavioural Teacher Rating Scale (EACI-P). The statistical analyses were conducted using the Mann Whitney test and Pearson correlation coefficients.RESULTS : Children with ADHD showed significant impairments compared to the control group in sensory processing and modulation, as well as in behavioural and emotional responses as observed in 11 out of 14 sections and 6 out of 9 factors. Differences in all Sensory Profile response patterns were also observed between the two groups of children. Sensory Profile scores showed a moderately negative correlation with CBCL and EACI-P scores in the ADHD group.CONCLUSION : These results indicate that children with ADHD may present sensory processing impairments, which may contribute to the inappropriate behavioural and learning responses displayed by children with ADHD. It also suggests the importance of understanding the sensory processing difficulties and its possible contribution to the ADHD symptomatology.
Keywords ADHD
sensory processing
sensory profile
learning
behaviour
rehabilitation
Language English
Date 2014-08-01
Published in Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy. Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia , v. 18, n. 4, p. 343-352, 2014.
ISSN 1413-3555 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Extent 343-352
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/bjpt-rbf.2014.0043
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S1413-35552014000400007 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/8535

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