Religious beliefs and alcohol control policies: a Brazilian nationwide study

Religious beliefs and alcohol control policies: a Brazilian nationwide study

Author Lucchetti, Giancarlo Google Scholar
Koenig, Harold G. Google Scholar
Pinsky, Ilana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vallada, Homero Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF) Department of Medicine
Hospital João Evangelista (HOJE)
Associação Médico-Espírita Internacional
Duke University Medical Center
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Abstract Objective: The connection between lower alcohol use and religiousness has been extensively examined. Nevertheless, few studies have assessed how religion and religiousness influence public policies. The present study seeks to understand the influence of religious beliefs on attitudes toward alcohol use. Methods: A door-to-door, nationwide, multistage population-based survey was carried out. Self-reported religiousness, religious attendance, and attitudes toward use of alcohol policies (such as approval of public health interventions, attitudes about drinking and driving, and attitudes toward other alcohol problems and their harmful effects) were examined. Multiple logistic regression was used to control for confounders and to assess explanatory variables. Results: The sample was composed of 3,007 participants; 57.3% were female and mean age was 35.7 years. Religiousness was generally associated with more negative attitudes toward alcohol, such as limiting hours of sale (p < 0.01), not having alcohol available in corner shops (p < 0.01), prohibiting alcohol advertisements on TV (p < 0.01), raising the legal drinking age (p < 0.01), and raising taxes on alcohol (p < 0.05). Higher religious attendance was associated with less alcohol problems (OR: 0.61, 95%CI 0.40-0.91, p = 0.017), and self-reported religiousness was associated with less harmful effects of drinking (OR: 0.61, 95%CI 0.43-0.88, p = 0.009). Conclusions: Those with high levels of religiousness support more restrictive alcohol policies. These findings corroborate previous studies showing that religious people consume less alcohol and have fewer alcohol-related problems.
Keywords Religion and medicine
substance-related disorders
Language English
Date 2014-03-01
Published in Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 36, n. 1, p. 4-10, 2014.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Extent 4-10
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S1516-44462014000100004 (statistics in SciELO)

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