High mortality, violence and crime in alcohol dependents: 5 years after seeking treatment in a Brazilian underprivileged suburban community

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dc.contributor.author Silva, Jairo Valentim [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Castro, Viviane de [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Laranjeira, Ronaldo [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Figlie, Neliana Buzi [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-14T13:44:48Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-14T13:44:48Z
dc.date.issued 2012-06-01
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462012000200004
dc.identifier.citation SILVA, Jairo Valentim et al . High mortality, violence and crime in alcohol dependents: 5 years after seeking treatment in a Brazilian underprivileged suburban community. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr., São Paulo , v. 34, n. 2, p. 135-142, jun. 2012
dc.identifier.issn 1516-4446
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/7177
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the results of alcohol-related consequences in an underprivileged area of São Paulo. METHOD: One hundred and ninety one adult patients who sought alcohol treatment in 2002 were reassessed in 2007 regarding alcohol use and involvement with crime. The interview consisted of demographic questions and questionnaires assessing alcohol dependence and pattern of alcohol use. Risk and protective factors and involvement with crime were further explored. RESULTS High mortality rate (16.9%, n = 41) was found in this sample and 97.4% were identified as being severe alcohol dependents. The sample consisted of a homogeneous group, average age of 42, 81.9% male, 57.5% black, 52.2% unemployed and 100% of low socioeconomic status. Individuals ageing 35 or younger, not engaged in religious activities and with intense alcohol consumption in the last month had 2.7 times more chance on committing crimes (95% CI = [1.22; 5.93] p = 0.014). Subjects who consumed alcohol in the last month also had a 4.1 greater chance of becoming involved in crime (95% CI = [1.2; 14.24] p = 0.024). CONCLUSION: Alcohol dependence within an underprivileged community was associated with high rates of crime and mortality. Religious affiliation was negatively associated with delinquent behavior. en
dc.description.abstract OBJETIVO: Explorar as consequências relacionadas ao uso de álcool na periferia de São Paulo. MÉTODO: Pacientes que procuraram tratamento para alcoolismo em 2002 foram convidados para reavaliação em 2007 para estudo de seguimento retrospectivo. A entrevista consistiu de questões sociodemográficas e questionários que avaliaram a dependência alcoólica e o padrão do consumo. Pesquisa adicional sobre fatores de risco e de proteção e envolvimento com crime foi contemplada neste estudo. RESULTADOS: A alta taxa de mortalidade (16,9% n = 41) e a dependência grave de álcool foi confirmada em 97,4% da amostra. O grupo se mostrou homogêneo, média de idade (42 anos), sexo masculino (81,9%), raça negra (57,5%), desempregados (52,2%), proveniente de classe social E e D (100%). Indivíduos com até 35 anos sem afiliação religiosa e tendo consumido muito álcool no ultimo mês apresentaram 2,7 mais chances de cometer crimes (95% IC = [1,22; 5,93] p = 0,014). Indivíduos que consumiram álcool no ultimo mês também tiveram suas chances 4,1 vezes maiores de estarem envolvidos com o crime (95% IC = [1,2; 14,24] p = 0,024). CONCLUSÃO: O consumo alcoólico na periferia foi associado a altas taxas de criminalidade e mortalidade, e a afiliação religiosa foi associada negativamente com comportamento delinquente. pt
dc.format.extent 135-142
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
dc.relation.ispartof Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
dc.rights Acesso aberto
dc.subject alcohol en
dc.subject violence en
dc.subject religion en
dc.subject outpatient psychiatry en
dc.subject other psychosocial techniques en
dc.subject álcool pt
dc.subject violência pt
dc.subject religião pt
dc.subject psiquiatria ambulatorial pt
dc.subject outras técnicas pt
dc.title High mortality, violence and crime in alcohol dependents: 5 years after seeking treatment in a Brazilian underprivileged suburban community en
dc.title.alternative Alta mortalidade, violência e crime em dependentes de álcool: seguimento após 5 anos de tratamento em periferia brasileira pt
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Chicago School of Professional Psychology International Psychology PhD Program
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) Department of Psychiatry
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) Department of Psychiatry Instituto Nacional de Políticas Públicas do Álcool e Outras Drogas
dc.description.affiliation Chicago School of Professional Psychology International Psychology PhD Program
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp UNIFESP, Department of Psychiatry
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp UNIFESP, Department of Psychiatry Instituto Nacional de Políticas Públicas do Álcool e Outras Drogas
dc.identifier.file S1516-44462012000200004.pdf
dc.identifier.scielo S1516-44462012000200004
dc.identifier.doi 10.1590/S1516-44462012000200004
dc.description.source SciELO
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000305572300004



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