Breakfast frequency, adiposity, and cardiovascular risk factors as markers in adolescents

Breakfast frequency, adiposity, and cardiovascular risk factors as markers in adolescents

Author Cayres, Suziane U. Google Scholar
Junior, Ismael F. F. Google Scholar
Barbosa, Mauricio F. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Christofaro, Diego G. D. Google Scholar
Fernandes, Romulo A. Google Scholar
Abstract Objective To analyse the relationship between skipping breakfast and haemodynamic, metabolic, inflammatory, and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out with information from an ongoing cohort study in Presidente Prudente, SAo Paulo, Brazil. The sample comprised of 120 adolescents (11.70.8 years old) who met the following inclusion criteria: age between 11 and 14 years; enrolled in the school unit of elementary education; absence of any known disease; and no drug consumption. The parents or legal guardians of the patients signed a formal informed consent. Skipping breakfast was self-reported through face-to-face interviews. Blood pressure, intima-media thickness, trunk fatness, total and fractional cholesterol levels - high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol - triacylglycerol levels, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels were measured. Results In this study, 47.5% (95% CI: 38.5-56.4%) of the adolescents reported skipping breakfast at least 1 day/week. Adolescents who skipped breakfast had higher values of trunk fatness and systolic blood pressure. Breakfast frequency was negatively related to systolic blood pressure ( -1.99 [-3.67; -0.31]) and z score dyslipidaemia ( -0.46 [-0.90; -0.01]), but this relationship was mediated by trunk fatness. Conclusion Skipping breakfast is related to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents, and this relationship was mainly mediated by trunk fatness.
Keywords Adolescent
cardiovascular risk factors
skipping breakfast
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Cambridge
Language English
Sponsor State of Sao Paulo Research Support Foundation (FAPESP)
Grant number FAPESP: 2013/06052-2
CNPq: 476295/2013-0
Date 2016
Published in Cardiology In The Young. Cambridge, v. 26, n. 2, p. 244-249, 2016.
ISSN 1047-9511 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Cambridge Univ Press
Extent 244-249
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000369084000004

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