Prevalence and incidence of pressure injuries in pediatric hospitals in the city of Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

Prevalence and incidence of pressure injuries in pediatric hospitals in the city of Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

Author de Souza Pellegrino, Donata Maria Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferreira Chacon, Julieta Maria Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Blanes, Leila Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferreira, Lydia Masako Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Objective: To identify the incidence and prevalence of pressure injuries (Pls) in children admitted to hospitals in the city of Sao Paulo, and assess the association between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics with hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs). Materials and methods: A total of 543 children were evaluated, and their sociodemographic and clinical data were recorded. Student's t, Wilcoxon, chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests were used to assess associations between risk factors and the occurrence of HAPIs. The proportion comparison test was used to assess the difference between the prevalence assessments performed at 2 different time points. Results: The mean prevalence was 7.1% and the mean incidence was 21.8%. Stage 1 Pls totaled 55% of the occurrences, followed by deep tissue injury, stage 2 Pls, and unstageable Pls. Twenty-five percent of Pls were associated with the use of medical devices. The sociodemographic characteristics significantly associated with HAPIs were white skin color and the absence of a parent or guardian as the patient's companion, whereas the clinical characteristics most significantly associated with HAPIs were hospitalization time greater than 30 days, enteral nutrition pathway, a chronic illness of the central nervous system, vasomotor medication, and mechanical ventilation (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of Pls among pediatric patients admitted to hospitals in Sao Paulo was similar to, and the incidence was higher than the reported international rates. Patients not accompanied by a parent, hospitalized for longer periods and in critical condition were those most affected by Pls. (C) 2017 Tissue Viability Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords Pressure injury
Child
Adolescent
Pediatrics
Incidence
Prevalence
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Oxford
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Journal Of Tissue Viability. Oxford, v. 26, n. 4, p. 241-245, 2017.
ISSN 0965-206X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd
Extent 241-245
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtv.2017.07.001
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000417665200003
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/58218

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