A validated model for the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test subdomain structure in chronic rhinosinusitis

A validated model for the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test subdomain structure in chronic rhinosinusitis

Author Feng, Allen L. Google Scholar
Wesely, Nicholas C. Google Scholar
Hoehle, Lloyd P. Google Scholar
Phillips, Katie M. Google Scholar
Yamasaki, Alisa Google Scholar
Campbell, Adam P. Google Scholar
Gregorio, Luciano L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Killeen, Thomas E. Google Scholar
Caradonna, David S. Google Scholar
Meier, Josh C. Google Scholar
Gray, Stacey T. Google Scholar
Sedaghat, Ahmad R. Google Scholar
Abstract BackgroundPrevious studies have identified subdomains of the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), reflecting distinct and largely independent categories of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) symptoms. However, no study has validated the subdomain structure of the SNOT-22. This study aims to validate the existence of underlying symptom subdomains of the SNOT-22 using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and to develop a subdomain model that practitioners and researchers can use to describe CRS symptomatology. MethodsA total of 800 patients with CRS were included into this cross-sectional study (400 CRS patients from Boston, MA, and 400 CRS patients from Reno, NV). Their SNOT-22 responses were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to determine the number of symptom subdomains. A CFA was performed to develop a validated measurement model for the underlying SNOT-22 subdomains along with various tests of validity and goodness of fit. ResultsEFA demonstrated 4 distinct factors reflecting: sleep, nasal, otologic/facial pain, and emotional symptoms (Cronbach's alpha, >0.7; Bartlett's test of sphericity, p < 0.001; Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin >0.90), independent of geographic locale. The corresponding CFA measurement model demonstrated excellent measures of fit (root mean square error of approximation, <0.06; standardized root mean square residual, <0.08; comparative fit index, >0.95; Tucker-Lewis index, >0.95) and measures of construct validity (heterotrait-monotrait [HTMT] ratio, <0.85; composite reliability, >0.7), again independent of geographic locale. ConclusionThe use of the 4-subdomain structure for SNOT-22 (reflecting sleep, nasal, otologic/facial pain, and emotional symptoms of CRS) was validated as the most appropriate to calculate SNOT-22 subdomain scores for patients from different geographic regions using CFA.
Keywords chronic rhinosinusitis
disease severity
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Hoboken
Language English
Date 2017
Published in International Forum Of Allergy & Rhinology. Hoboken, v. 7, n. 12, p. 1140-1148, 2017.
ISSN 2042-6976 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley
Extent 1140-1148
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22025
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000417284900006
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/58096

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