Encephalitis and myelitis in tropical countries: Report from the Task Force on Tropical Diseases by the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine

Encephalitis and myelitis in tropical countries: Report from the Task Force on Tropical Diseases by the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine

Author Silva, Gisele Sampaio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Richards, Guy A. Google Scholar
Baker, Tim Google Scholar
Amin, Pravin R. Google Scholar
Abstract Tropical diseases are those that occur primarily or solely in the tropics, and as such include infectious diseases that are particularly prevalent in hot, humid conditions. The incidence of encephalitis in tropical countries is reported to be as high as 6.34/100,000/year. The term encephalitis implies inflammation of the brain and includes the presence of encephalopathy with two and more of the following features: fever, seizures and/or focal neurological findings; a cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis; electroencephalographic findings or abnormal neuroimaging suggestive of encephalitis. Transverse myelitis (TM) is an inflammation of the spinal cord which has a wide variety of clinical presentations depending on the degree (severity of myelin and neuronal injury) and site of spinal cord involvement. In the present article we discuss the various forms of tropical, viral encephalitides and myelitis and the diagnosis and management. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords Encephalitis
Myelitis
Tropical countries
Arbovirus
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Philadelphia
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Journal Of Critical Care. Philadelphia, v. 42, p. 355-359, 2017.
ISSN 0883-9441 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher W B Saunders Co-Elsevier Inc
Extent 355-359
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2017.11.001
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000418520500069
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/58071

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