Mindfulness for palliative care patients. Systematic review

Mindfulness for palliative care patients. Systematic review

Author Cruz Latorraca, Carolina de Oliveira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cabrera Martimbianco, Ana Luiza Google Scholar
Pachito, Daniela Vianna Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pacheco, Rafael Leite Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Riera, Rachel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract BackgroundNineteen million adults worldwide are in need of palliative care. Of those who have access to it, 80% fail to receive an efficient management of symptoms. ObjectivesTo assess the effectiveness and safety of mindfulness meditation for palliative care patients. MethodsWe searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, PEDro, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Opengrey, ClinicalTrials.gov and WHO-ICTRP. No restriction of language, status or date of publication was applied. We considered randomised clinical trials (RCTs) comparing any mindfulness meditation scheme vs any comparator for palliative care. Cochrane Risk of Bias (Rob) Table was used for assessing methodological quality of RCTs. Screening, data extraction and methodological assessments were performed by two reviewers. Mean differences (MD) (confidence intervals of 95% (CI 95%)) were considered for estimating effect size. Quality of evidence was appraised by GRADE. ResultsFour RCTs, 234 participants, were included. All studies presented high risk of bias in at least one RoB table criteria. We assessed 4 comparisons, but only 2 studies showed statistically significant difference for at least one outcome. 1. Mindfulness meditation (eight weeks, one session/week, daily individual practice) vs control: statistically significant difference in favour of control for quality of life - physical aspects. 2. Mindfulness meditation (single 5-minute session) vs control: benefit in favour of mindfulness for stress outcome in both time-points. None of the included studies analysed safety and harms outcomes. ConclusionsAlthough two studies have showed statistically significant difference, only one showed effectiveness of mindfulness meditation in improving perceived stress. This study focused on one single session of mindfulness of 5minutes for adult cancer patients in palliative care, but it was considered as possessing high risk of bias. Other schemes of mindfulness meditation did not show benefit in any outcome evaluated (low and very low quality evidence).
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Hoboken
Language English
Sponsor Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior
Date 2017
Published in International Journal Of Clinical Practice. Hoboken, v. 71, n. 12, p. -, 2017.
ISSN 1368-5031 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley
Extent -
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.13034
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000418868100004
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/58070

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