Social and demographic inequalities in diet quality in a population-based study

Social and demographic inequalities in diet quality in a population-based study

Author de Assumpcao, Daniela Google Scholar
Domene, Semíramis Martins Álvares Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Fisberg, Regina Mara Google Scholar
de Azevedo Barros, Marilisa Berti Google Scholar
Abstract Objective To evaluate sociodemographic inequalities in the diet quality of the urban population of the city of Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Methods A population-based, cross-sectional study was performed using data from a health survey conducted in the city of Campinas in 2008-2009. Diet quality was evaluated using the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index Revised. A total of 3,382 individuals aged 10 years old and older were analyzed. Results Brazilian Healthy Eating Index Revised scores increased with age and education level. Women consumed more vegetables, fruits, and milk, and less sodium, meat and eggs, oils, saturated and solid fats, alcohol, and added sugars than men. Scores for whole grains, vegetables, and fruits also increased with age and education level. Conclusion These findings point to sociodemographic segments that are more vulnerable to an inappropriate diet and identify the need of strategies to increase the consumption of whole grains, dark green vegetables, fruits, and milk, and decrease the consumption of sodium, solid fats, alcohol, and added sugar.
Keywords Eating behavior
Food consumption
Health inequalities
Health surveys
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Campinas
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2016
Published in Revista de Nutrição-Brazilian Journal of Nutrition. Campinas, v. 29, n. 2, p. 151-162, 2016.
ISSN 1415-5273 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Pontifícia Universidade Católica Campinas
Extent 151-162
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-98652016000200001
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000372150500001
SciELO ID S1415-52732016000200151 (statistics in SciELO)
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/57891

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