Family meals and eating practices among mothers in Santos, Brazil: A population-based study

Family meals and eating practices among mothers in Santos, Brazil: A population-based study

Author Sato, Priscila de Morais Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lourenco, Barbara Hatzlhoffer Google Scholar
Bizzotto Trude, Angela Cristina Google Scholar
Unsain, Ramiro Fernandez Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pereira, Patricia Rocha Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Martins, Paula Andrea Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Scagliusi, Fernanda Baeza Google Scholar
Abstract This study investigates family meals among mothers and explores associations between eating with family and sociodemographic characteristics, body mass index, and eating practices. A population-based cross-sectional study, using complex cluster-sampling, was conducted in the city of Santos, Brazil with 439 mothers. Frequency of family meals was assessed by asking if mothers did or did not usually have a) breakfast, b) lunch, and c) dinner with family. Linear regression analyses were conducted for the number of meals eaten with family per day and each of the potential explanatory variables, adjusting for the mother's age. Poisson regression with robust variance was used to analyze each factor associated with eating with family as classified categorically: a) sharing meals with family, b) not eating any meals with family. Only 16.4% (n = 72) of participants did not eat any meals with family. From the 83.6% (n = 367) of mothers that had at least one family meal per day, 69.70% (n = 306) ate dinner with their families. Mothers aged >= 40 years reported significantly fewer meals eaten with family compared to mothers aged 30-39 years (beta: -0.26, p = 0.04). Having family meals was 54% more prevalent among mothers with >= 12 years of education (PR for no meals eaten with family: 0.54, 95% CI: 030

0.96, p = 0.03), when compared to mothers with less than nine years of education. Eating no meals with family was 85% more prevalent among mothers who reported that eating was one of the biggest pleasures in their lives (PR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.21

2.82, p = 0.004). We suggest the need for further research investigating the effects of family meals on mothers' health through nutritional and phenomenological approaches. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords Family meals
Eating practices
Body mass index
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage London
Language English
Sponsor scholarship REUNI
Grant number Fapesp: 2010/04255-5
Fapesp: 2009/01361-1
CNPq: 501275/2009-6
CNPq: 478212/2009-7
CNPq: 309121/2012-4
CNPq: 311357/2015-6
Date 2016
Published in Appetite. London, v. 103, p. 38-44, 2016.
ISSN 0195-6663 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd
Extent 38-44
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000378666500005

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