Cardiovascular effects of Sp-CTx, a cytolysin from the scorpionfish (Scorpaena plumieri) venom

Cardiovascular effects of Sp-CTx, a cytolysin from the scorpionfish (Scorpaena plumieri) venom

Author Gomes, Helena L. Google Scholar
Menezes, Thiago N. Google Scholar
Malacarne, Pedro F. Google Scholar
Roman-Campos, Danilo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gondim, Antonio N. Google Scholar
Cruz, Jader S. Google Scholar
Vassallo, Dalton V. Google Scholar
Figueiredo, Suely G. Google Scholar
Abstract Fish venom cytolysins are multifunctional proteins that in addition to their cytolytic/hemolytic effects display neurotoxic, cardiotoxic and inflammatory activities, being described as "protein lethal factors". A pore-forming cytolysin called Sp-CTx (Scorpaena plumieri Cytolytic Toxin) has been recently purified from the venom of the scorpionfish Scorpaena plumieri. It is a glycoprotein with dimeric constitution, comprising subunits of approximately 65 kDa. Previous studies have revealed that this toxin has a vasorelaxant activity that appears to involve the L-arginine-nitric oxide synthase pathway

however its cardiovascular effects have not been fully comprehended. The present study examined the cardiovascular effects of Sp-CTx in vivo and in vitro. In anesthetized rats Sp-Crx (70 mu g/kg i.v) produced a biphasic response which consisted of an initial systolic and diastolic pressure increase followed by a sustained decrease of these parameters and the heart rate. In isolated rats hearts Sp-CTx (10(-9) to 5 x 10(-6) M) produced concentration-dependent and transient ventricular positive inotropic effect and vasoconstriction response on coronary bed. In papillary muscle, Sp-CTx (10(-7) M) also produced an increase in contractile isometric force, which was attenuated by the catecholamine releasing agent tyramine (100 mu M) and the beta-adrenergic antagonist propranolol (10 mu M). On isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes Sp-CTx (1 nM) increased the L-type Ca2+ current density. The results show that Sp-CTx induces disorders in the cardiovascular system through increase of sarcolemmal calcium influx, which in turn is partially caused by the release of endogenous noradrenaline. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords Fish venom
Cytolysin
Cardiotoxic
Scorpaena plumieri
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Oxford
Language English
Sponsor INCTTox
Capes Toxinologia
Grant number INCTTox: 573790/2008-6
Capes Toxinologia: 063/10-23038006280/2011-07
Date 2016
Published in Toxicon. Oxford, v. 118, p. 141-148, 2016.
ISSN 0041-0101 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Extent 141-148
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2016.05.002
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000380594700020
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/57490

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