Production and Characterization of Activated Carbon Fiber from Textile PAN Fiber

Production and Characterization of Activated Carbon Fiber from Textile PAN Fiber

Author do Amaral Junior, Miguel Angelo Google Scholar
Matsushima, Jorge Tadao Google Scholar
Rezende, Mirabel Cerqueira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Goncalves, Emerson Sarmento Google Scholar
Marcuzzo, Jossano Saldanha Google Scholar
Baldan, Mauricio Ribeiro Google Scholar
Abstract This paper presents the preparation and characterization of carbon fiber felt and activated carbon fiber felt from textile polyacrylonitrile fiber. Carbon fibers are usually related to aircraft manufacturing or high mechanical purposes. Activated carbon fibers are known as excellent adsorbent materials. Despite all advantages, carbon fiber and activated carbon fiber are expensive materials because of their raw material cost. On the other hand, in this study, carbon fiber felt and activated carbon fiber felt were produced from textile polyacrylonitrile fiber, which is cheaper than their precursor, polyacrylonitrile fiber, and can be converted into carbon fiber felt and activated material with high micropore content and surface area. This research describes the transformation of textile polyacrylonitrile fiber in its oxidized form. After that, the oxidized material was transformed in felt and, in the sequence, converted into carbon fiber felt and activated carbon felt. The carbon fiber felt and activated carbon fiber felt were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope. N-2 isotherms were performed to qualify the material obtained for further electrochemical applications. The main result was the conversion dynamics of textile polyacrilonitrile fiber into carbon fiber in felt form and activated carbon fiber in felt with high surface area and high micropores content.
Keywords Carbon fiber
Activated carbon fiber
Raman spectroscopy
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Sao Paulo
Language English
Sponsor Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)
Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)
Date 2017
Published in Journal Of Aerospace Technology And Management. Sao Paulo, v. 9, n. 4, p. 423-430, 2017.
ISSN 1984-9648 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Inst Aeronautica & Espaco-Iae
Extent 423-430
Origin https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2175-91462017000400423
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000413208600002
SciELO ID S2175-91462017000400423 (statistics in SciELO)
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/57290

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