Positive Association between Tinnitus and Arterial Hypertension

Positive Association between Tinnitus and Arterial Hypertension

Author Figueiredo, Ricardo Rodrigues Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Azevedo, Andreia Aparecida Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Penido, Norma de Oliveira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Introduction: Tinnitus is the perception of noise in the absence of an external source and is considered by most authors as a multifactorial symptom. A systematic review concerning the association of tinnitus and systemic arterial hypertension retrieved suggestions of a positive association, but the articles included failed to perform a detailed analysis on the theme. Purpose: To analyze the presence of arterial hypertension in tinnitus and non-tinnitus patients, to analyze differences between tinnitus impact and psychoacoustic measurements in hypertensive and normotensive patients, and to evaluate the association between the presence of tinnitus and the diverse antihypertensive drugs employed. Materials and methods: This includes cross-sectional transversal study, comparing two groups of subjects (144 in the study group with tinnitus and 140 in the control group without tinnitus). Clinical, demographical, audiometrical, and psychoacoustics characteristics of the subjects were compared. Results: Hypertension prevalence in tinnitus subjects was 44.4% against 31.4% in subjects without tinnitus (p = 0.024). Positive associations with tinnitus were found with hypertension treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (p = 0.006), tiazidic diuretics (p < 0.0001), potassium-sparing diuretics (p = 0.016), and calcium channels blockers (p = 0.004). Conclusion: There is an association between tinnitus and arterial hypertension. This association is particularly strong in older patients. Hypertension treatment with diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and calcium channels blockers were more prevalent in tinnitus patients, suggesting that an eventual ototoxicity of these drugs may be involved in tinnitus pathophysiology, a hypothesis that should be evaluated in further studies.
Keywords tinnitus
arterial hypertension
hearing loss
cardiovascular diseases
hearing disorders
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Lausanne
Language English
Sponsor Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2016
Published in Frontiers In Neurology. Lausanne, v. 7, p. -, 2016.
ISSN 1664-2295 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Frontiers Media Sa
Extent -
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2016.00171
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000385052500001
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/56910

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