Effectiveness of adding voluntary pelvic floor muscle contraction to a Pilates exercise program: an assessor-masked randomized controlled trial

Effectiveness of adding voluntary pelvic floor muscle contraction to a Pilates exercise program: an assessor-masked randomized controlled trial

Author Torelli, Luiza Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bella, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin de Jarmy Di Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Rodrigues, Claudinei Alves Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Stupp, Liliana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Girão, Manoel João Batista Castello Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sartori, Marair Gracio Ferreira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of adding voluntary pelvic floor muscle contraction (PFMC) to a Pilates exercise program in sedentary nulliparous women. Fifty-seven healthy nulliparous and physically inactive women were randomized to a Pilates exercise program (PEP) with or without PFMC. Forty-eight women concluded this study (24 participants for each group). Each woman was evaluated before and after the PEP, by a physiotherapist and an urogynecologist (UG). Neither of the professionals was revealed to them. This physiotherapist measured their pelvic floor muscle strength by using both a perineometer (Peritron) and vaginal palpation (Oxford Scale). The UG, who performed 3D perineal ultrasound examinations, collected their data and evaluated the results for pubovisceral muscle thickness and the levator hiatus area (LA). Both professionals were blinded to the group allocation. The protocol for both groups consisted of 24 bi-weekly 1-h individual sessions of Pilates exercises, developed by another physiotherapist who specializes in PFM rehabilitation and the Pilates technique. The PEP+ PFMC group showed significantly greater strength improvements than the PEP group when comparing the Oxford scale, vaginal pressure and pubovisceral muscle thickness during contraction measurements at baseline and post-treatment. Our findings suggest that adding a voluntary PFMC to a Pilates exercise program is more effective than Pilates alone in improving PFM strength in sedentary nulliparous women.
Keywords Pilates exercises
Pelvic floor muscle contraction
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage London
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Grant number FAPESP: 2011/18796-0
Date 2016
Published in International Urogynecology Journal. London, v. 27, n. 11, p. 1743-1752, 2016.
ISSN 0937-3462 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer London Ltd
Extent 1743-1752
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-016-3037-1
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000386353100016
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/56864

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