Repercussions of preterm birth on symptoms of asthma, allergic diseases and pulmonary function, 6-14 years later

Repercussions of preterm birth on symptoms of asthma, allergic diseases and pulmonary function, 6-14 years later

Author Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Wandalsen, Gustavo Falbo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lanza, Fernanda de Cordoba Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Goulart, Ana Lucia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Solé, Dirceu Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santos, Amelia Miyashiro Nunes dos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Background: Prevalence of allergic diseases and impaired pulmonary function may be high in children born prematurely. This study aimed to assess pulmonary function and prevalence of asthma, atopic diseases and allergic sensitisation in these patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with children aged 6-14 years who were born prematurely with birth weight <2000 g from January 2008 to May 2011. Exclusion criteria were: major malformations, or acute respiratory disorders. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire was applied followed by allergic skin prick test and spirometry. Results: The study included 84 children aged 9.3 +/- 2.3 years born at mean gestational age of 31.8 +/- 2.4 weeks. The prevalence of current asthma was 25%, more severe asthma was 15.5%

rhinitis was 38.1%

flexural eczema was 8.3%

and a positive skin-prick test was 69.6%. Frequencies of children with values <80% of predicted were: FVC (8.3%), FEV1 (22.6%), and FEV1/FVC ratio (16.7%). Prevalence of children with FEF25-75% <70% of the predicted value was 32.4%, positive bronchodilator response was observed in 20.5% of cases, and altered pulmonary function in 42.9%. Factors associated with altered pulmonary function were oxygen dependency at 28 days of life (OR: 4.213, p=0.021), the presence of wheezing in childhood (OR: 5.979, p=0.014) and infant's height (OR: 0.945, p=0.005). Conclusions: There was a high prevalence of severe asthma, allergic sensitisation, and altered pulmonary function among children and adolescents born prematurely. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia and a history of wheezing were risk factors for altered pulmonary function. (C) 2016 SEICAP. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Keywords Atopic hypersensitivity
Pulmonary function
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Barcelona
Language English
Sponsor Medical Research Council
Grant number Medical Research Council: G1000758
Date 2016
Published in Allergologia Et Immunopathologia. Barcelona, v. 44, n. 6, p. 489-496, 2016.
ISSN 0301-0546 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Doyma Sl
Extent 489-496
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000388157400002

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