Assessment of Body Composition and Sport Performance of Brazilian Paralympic Swim Team Athletes

Assessment of Body Composition and Sport Performance of Brazilian Paralympic Swim Team Athletes

Author Medeiros, Radamés Maciel Vítor Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Alves, Eduardo da Silva Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lemos, Valdir de Aquino Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Schwingel, Paulo Adriano Google Scholar
Silva, Andressa da Google Scholar
Vital, Roberto Google Scholar
Vieira, Alexandre S. Google Scholar
Barreto, Murilo M. Google Scholar
Rocha, Edilson Alves da Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marco Tulio de Google Scholar
Abstract Context: Body-composition assessments of high-performance athletes are very important for identifying physical performance potential. Although the relationship between the kinanthropometric characteristics and performance abilities of Olympic swimmers is extremely important, this subject is not completely understood for Paralympic swimmers. Objective: To investigate the relationship between body composition and sport performance in Brazilian Paralympic swimmers 6 mo after training. Design: Experimental pre/posttest design. Setting: Research laboratory and field evaluations of swimming were conducted to verify the 50-m freestyle time of each athlete. Participants: 17 Brazilian Paralympic swim team athletes (12 men, 5 women). Main Outcome Measures: Body-composition assessments were performed using a BOD POD, and swimming performance was assessed using the 50-m freestyle, which was performed twice: before and after 6 mo of training. Results: Increased lean mass and significantly reduced relative fat mass and swimming time (P < .05) were observed 6 mo after training. Furthermore, a positive correlation between body-fat percentage and performance (r = .66, P < .05) was observed, but there was no significant correlation between body density and performance (r = -.14, P > .05). Conclusions: After a 6-mo training period, Paralympic swimmers presented reduced fat mass and increased lean body mass associated with performance, as measured by 50-m freestyle time. These data suggest that reduced fat-mass percentage was significantly correlated with improved swimming performance in Paralympic athletes.
Keywords Athletes with disabilities
Body composition
Athletic performance
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Champaign
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Journal Of Sport Rehabilitation. Champaign, v. 25, n. 4, p. 364-370, 2016.
ISSN 1056-6716 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Human Kinetics Publ Inc
Extent 364-370
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000391900500008

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