Swiss ball exercises improve muscle strength and walking performance in ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial

Swiss ball exercises improve muscle strength and walking performance in ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial

Title: Swiss ball exercises improve muscle strength and walking performance in ankylosing spondylitis: a randomized controlled trial;
Exercícios na bola suíça melhoram a força muscular e o desempenho na caminhada na espondilite anquilosante: estudo clínico, controlado e randomizado
Author Souza, Marcelo Cardoso de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Jennings, Fabio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Morimoto, Hisa Costa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Natour, Jamil Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Objective: The purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of a progressive muscle strengthening program using a Swiss ball for AS patients. Methods: Sixty patients with AS were randomized into the intervention group (IG) or the control group (CG). Eight exercises were performed by the IG patients with free weights on a Swiss ball two times per week for 16 weeks. The evaluations were performed by a blinded evaluator at baseline and after 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks using the following instruments: the one-repetition maximum test (1 RM), BASMI, BASFI, HAQ-S, SF-36, 6-minute walk test, time up and go test, BASDAI, ASDAS, ESR and CRP dosage and Likert scale. Results: There was a statistical difference between groups for: strength (1 RM capacity) in the following exercises: abdominal, rowing, squat, triceps and reverse fly (p < 0.005)

6-minute walk test (p < 0.001)

timed up and go test (p = 0.025) and Likert scale (p < 0.001), all of them with better results for the IG. No differences were observed between the groups with respect to the functional capacity evaluation using the BASFI, HAQ-S, BASMI, SF-36, TUG, ASDAS, ESR and CPR dosage. Conclusions: Progressive muscle strengthening using a Swiss ball is effective for improving muscle strength and walking performance in patients with AS. (C) 2016 Elsevier Editora Ltda.
Keywords Exercises
Resistance exercises
Swiss ball
Ankylosing spondylitis
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage New York
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Grant number FAPESP: 2011/03459-9
Date 2017
Published in Revista Brasileira De Reumatologia. New York, v. 57, n. 1, p. 45-55, 2017.
ISSN 0482-5004 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Science Inc
Extent 45-55
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbre.2016.09.009
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000396445600007
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/56364

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