Anxiety, stress and depression in family members of patients with heart failure

Anxiety, stress and depression in family members of patients with heart failure

Alternative title Ansiedade, estresse e depressão de familiares de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca
Author Lacerda, Marianna Sobral Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cirelli, Melissa Alves Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Barros, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lopes, Juliana de Lima Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Objective: Identifying the level of anxiety, stress and depression symptoms in family members of patients with heart failure

identifying the relationship between these feelings with sociodemographic and clinical variables. Method: A cross-sectional study carried out with 100 family members. Depression, anxiety, and stress were evaluated by the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories and the Perceived Stress Scale - 10. The relationship between feelings and variables was performed through the t-test, Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis. Results: Mean depression was 8.24, anxiety was 77.95, and stress was 17.43. The correlation coefficient between depression and anxiety and depression and stress was 0.53, and it was 0.66 between anxiety and stress. Females (p=0.002, p=0.031), smoking (p=0.05, p=0.011) and sedentary lifestyle (p=0.023, p=0.001) were related to anxiety and stress, respectively. Family income lower than five minimum wages (p=0.012) was related to depression, and regular/poor self-perceived health status related to the three feelings. Conclusion: Family members did not present high levels of these feelings. The scales were directly correlated with each one another and some variables were related to stress, anxiety and depression.

OBJETIVO: Identificar o nível de ansiedade, estresse e sintomas de depressão de familiares de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca; identificar a relação entre esses sentimentos com as variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal composto por 100 familiares. A depressão, a ansiedade e o estresse foram avaliados pelos Inventários de Depressão e Ansiedade de Beck e pela Escala de Estresse Percebido ‒ 10. A relação dos sentimentos com as variáveis foi realizada pelo teste t, Mann-Whitney ou Kruskal-Wallis. RESULTADOS: A média de depressão foi de 8,24, ansiedade, 7,95 e estresse, 17,43. O coeficiente de correlação entre depressão e ansiedade e depressão e estresse foi de 0,53 e de 0,66 entre ansiedade e estresse. Sexo feminino (p=0,002; p=0,031), tabagismo (p=0,05; p=0,011) e sedentarismo (p=0,023; p=0,001) se relacionaram com a ansiedade e estresse respectivamente. Renda familiar menor que cinco salários mínimos (p=0,012) se relacionou com a depressão, e autoavaliação de saúde regular/ruim se relacionou com os três sentimentos. CONCLUSÃO: Os familiares não apresentaram níveis elevados desses sentimentos. As escalas foram diretamente correlacionadas entre si e algumas variáveis se relacionaram com estresse, ansiedade e depressão.
Keywords Heart Failure
Family
Anxiety
Stress
Phychological
Depression
Cardiovascular Nursing
Insuficiência Cardíaca
Família
Ansiedade
Estresse Psicológico
Depressão
Enfermagem Cardiovascular
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Cerquera Cesar
Language English
Portuguese
Date 2017
Published in Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da Usp. Cerquera Cesar, v. 51, p. -, 2017.
ISSN 0080-6234 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Univ Sao Paolo
Extent -
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1980-220X2016018903211
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000399157600012
SciELO ID S0080-62342017000100403 (statistics in SciELO)
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/56326

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