Dairy consumption and inflammatory profile: A cross-sectional population-based study, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Dairy consumption and inflammatory profile: A cross-sectional population-based study, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Author Gadotti, Tabata Natal Google Scholar
Norde, Marina Maintinguer Google Scholar
Rogero, Marcelo Macedo Google Scholar
Fisberg, Mauro Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Fisberg, Regina Mara Google Scholar
Oki, Erica Google Scholar
Martini, Ligia Araujo Google Scholar
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between dairy product consumption and plasma inflammatory biomarkers levels among a representative sample of Brazilian adults from Sao Paulo City. Methods: Data were acquired from the Health Survey for Sao Paulo, a cross-sectional population-based study. All individuals 20 to 59 y of age with complete food consumption information (24-h dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire) and blood sample analysis were included (N = 259). The sample was separated into two groups according to systemic inflammatory pattern considering plasma levels of C-reactive protein

tumor necrosis factor-a

soluble intracellular adhesion molecule

soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule, monocyte chemoattractant protein

interleukin-1 beta, -6, -8, -10, and -12

adiponectin

leptin

and homocysteine. Multiple logistic regression tests were conducted to estimate the odds ratio for the inflammatory cluster across tertiles of dairy consumption. Results: When adjusted by age, smoking status, and energy intake the odds ratio for the inflammatory cluster group in the highest tertile of yogurt consumption was 0.34 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.14-0.81) relative to the reference tertile, demonstrating also a linear effect (P-trend = 0.015). Cheese consumption exhibited an odds ratio of 2.49 (95% CI, 1.09-5.75) relative to the reference. Conclusions: Increasing yogurt consumption might have a protective effect on inflammation, whereas cheese consumption appears to be associated with a proinflammatory status. The results of the present study aggregate a new perspective on existing evidence demonstrating the importance of assessing the contribution of dairy products on diet and their effect on the development of non-communicable diseases and associated risk factors. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.
Keywords Dairy products
Inflammation
Biomarkers
Yogurt
Health survey for Sao Paulo
Cardiovascular health
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage New York
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Nutrition. New York, v. 48, p. 1-5, 2018.
ISSN 0899-9007 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Science Inc
Extent 1-5
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2017.10.003
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000428609400001
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/55761

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