Response and legislative changes after the Kiss nightclub tragedy in Santa Maria/RS/Brazil: Learning from a large-scale burn disaster

Response and legislative changes after the Kiss nightclub tragedy in Santa Maria/RS/Brazil: Learning from a large-scale burn disaster

Author Gragnani, Alfredo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
de Oliveira, Andrea Fernandes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Boro, Daniel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pham, Tam N. Google Scholar
Ferreira, Lydia Masako Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Purpose: A major fire occurred on January 27, 2013, at 02:30 at Kiss nightclub in the city of Santa Maria, State of Rio Grande do Sul, in Southern Brazil. In this retrospective report, we aimed to describe the nightclub fire event, its immediate consequences, and evaluated its impact on legislation. Our objective was to disseminate the lessons we learned from this large-scale nightclub fire disaster. Methods: We conducted a literature review in PubMed and Lilacs database from 2013 to 2015 related to the nightclub Kiss, Santa Maria, fire, burns, and similar events worldwide over the past 15 years. We searched in the general press and online media information sites, and seekinglegislation about this topic at the federal level in Brazil. We reported on the legislation changes that resulted from this nightclub fire. Results: Current federal legislation on fire prevention and the scope of public safety, including night clubs and discos, states is the duty of the state and everyone's responsibility, pursuant to Article 144 of the Federal Constitution of Brazil. Thus, the federal union, individual states and municipalities have the power to legislate on fire prevention, and especially to ensure the security of the population. A state law called "Law Kiss", was passed in 2014, establishing standards on safety, prevention and protection against fire in building's and areas of fire risk in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. On a national level, a law of prevention and fire fighting in Brazil was also drafted after the Santa Maria disaster (Law project no. 4923, 2013). Currently, this bill is still awaiting sanction before it can take effect. Conclusion: As we push for enactment of the national law of prevention and fire fighting in Brazil, we will continue emphasizing fire prevention, fire protection, fire fighting, means of escape and proper management. All similar events in this and other countries remind us that similar tragedies may occur anywhere, and that the analysis of facts, previous mistakes, during and after the incident are crucial to our understanding, and will help us lessen the chance of future occurrences. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.
Keywords Burn disaster
Mass casualty incident
Kiss nightclub
Santa Maria
Fire prevention and protection
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Oxford
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Burns. Oxford, v. 43, n. 2, p. 343-349, 2017.
ISSN 0305-4179 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd
Extent 343-349
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000395841300013

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