Proposal for a breakfast quality index for brazilian population: Rationale and application in the Brazilian National Dietary Survey

Proposal for a breakfast quality index for brazilian population: Rationale and application in the Brazilian National Dietary Survey

Author Pereira, Jaqueline Lopes Google Scholar
de Castro, Michelle Alessandra Google Scholar
Hopkins, Sinead Google Scholar
Gugger, Carolyn Google Scholar
Fisberg, Regina Mara Google Scholar
Fisberg, Mauro Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Breakfast has been related to positive nutrition and health outcomes, but criteria for an optimal composition of this meal are not well established. The aim of this study was to propose a breakfast quality index (BQI) for the Brazilian population, and to describe the relationship between breakfast quality, socio-demographic factors, dietary intake at breakfast and for the total day. BQI was constructed based on individual dietary data of 22,279 breakfast consumers, aged 20+ years from the Brazilian National Dietary Survey, a population-based cross-sectional study. The BQI was comprised of food components (cereals, fruit/vegetables, dairy products), and nutrient criteria (energy, fiber, free sugar, saturated fat, calcium and sodium). Mean, percentage and 95% CIs were estimated for variables according to BQI categories. The mean BQI was 4.2, with 71% of individuals falling into medium BQI category and 6% in high category. Individuals in urban areas, in higher categories of income and education and women had higher BQI means. Consumers with high BQI had higher intake of fruits/vegetables and higher breakfast and total daily intake of energy, carbohydrates, fiber, total sugar, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate and vitamins B6, A, C, and D, and lower trans fatty acids compared to those in low and medium BQI groups. Promoting a high-quality breakfast may contribute to a better nutrient intake and achievement of daily requirements. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords Breakfast
Quality index
Nutrient intake
National Dietary Survey
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage London
Language English
Sponsor Cereal Partners Worldwide (CPW) SA, Switzerland
General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Date 2017
Published in Appetite. London, v. 111, p. 12-22, 2017.
ISSN 0195-6663 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd
Extent 12-22
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000394476200003

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