Risk factors for recurrent wheezing in the first year of life in the city of Cordoba, Argentina

Risk factors for recurrent wheezing in the first year of life in the city of Cordoba, Argentina

Author Teijeiro, A. Google Scholar
Badellino, H. Google Scholar
Raiden, M. G. Google Scholar
Cuello, M. N. Google Scholar
Kevorkof, G. Google Scholar
Gatti, C. Google Scholar
Croce, V. H. Google Scholar
Sole, D. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Background: Wheezing is a very common respiratory symptom in infants. The prevalence of wheezing in infants, conducted in developed countries shows prevalence rates ranging between 20% and 30%. However, we do not know the risk factors in our population of wheezing infants. Methods: A standardised written questionnaire (WQ-P1-EISL) in infants between 12 and 18 months of age residing in the city of Cordoba was used

population/sample included 1031 infants. Recurrent wheezing (RW) was defined as three or more episodes of wheezing reported by the parents during the first 12 months of life. Data obtained were coded in Epi-Info (TM) (version 7) and statistically analysed with SPSS (version 17.5) software in Spanish. Parametric tests (one-way ANOVA) were performed for identifying significantly associated variables. Results: The prevalence of wheezing infants was 39.7%

recurrent wheezing 33%

and severe wheezing 14.7%

13.7% had pneumonia before the first year and of these 6.3% were hospitalised, multiple variables as risk factors for wheezing were found such as: > 6 high airway infections and bronchiolitis in the first three months of life, smokers who smoke in the home among other risk factors and protective factors in those who have an elevated socioeconomic status. Conclusion: It is known that persistent respiratory problems in children due to low socioeconomic status is a risk factor for wheezing, pneumonia and could be a determining factor in the prevalence and severity of RW in infants. Research suggests that there are areas for improvement in the implementation of new educational strategies. (C) 2016 SEICAP. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.
Keywords EISL
Protective and risk factors
Socioeconomic level
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Barcelona
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Allergologia Et Immunopathologia. Barcelona, v. 45, n. 3, p. 234-239, 2017.
ISSN 0301-0546 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Doyma Sl
Extent 234-239
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2016.08.009
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000400322200005
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/54589

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