MAPK pathways regulation by DUSP1 in the development of osteosarcoma: Potential markers and therapeutic targets

MAPK pathways regulation by DUSP1 in the development of osteosarcoma: Potential markers and therapeutic targets

Author Silva Lopes, Luana Joyce Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tesser-Gamba, Francine Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Petrilli, Antonio Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
de Seixas Alves, Maria Teresa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Garcia-Filho, Reynaldo Jesus Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Caminada Toledo, Silvia Regina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent primary bone tumor that affect children and adolescents. This tumor is highly aggressive with high risk of metastasis and the implementation of new drugs has not been successful. The search for biomarkers or new therapeutic targets is urgently needed and can help in advances of OS treatment. MAPKs are major signaling transduction molecules that play an important role in regulating a variety of cellular responses. DUSP1 is a phosphatase that dephosphorylates the MAPKs. Both MAPKs and DUSPs have been implicated as major modulators of critical signaling pathways that are dysregulated in various diseases. In a previous study, we found an increase in MAPK7 gene expression contributed for worst overall survival and treatment response. We analyzed gene expression of MAPK pathways that participate in MAPK7 regulation, and DUSP1 gene using paired 28 pre/post-chemotherapy and 12 metastasis OS samples. To understand the DUSP1 role in the pathogenesis of OS, we assessed the function of DUSP1 in four OS cell lines through a series of cellular assays combined with gene silencing technique. Our findings showed increased MAP2K6, MAP4K3, and DUSP1 gene expression in post-chemotherapy OS samples presenting poor prognosis. We also found that the suppression of DUSP1 gene expression resulted in decreased proliferation, migration, and invasion in OS cells. These results suggest that members of MAPK family may be possible prognostic markers in OS and DUSP1 has a relevant role in the OS pathogenesis and can be an attractive therapeutic target in new strategies of OS treatment.
Keywords osteosarcoma
MAPK signaling pathways
therapeutic target
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Hoboken
Language English
Sponsor Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo
Pediatric Oncology Institute-GRAACC/UNIFESP
Grant number FAPESP: 2011/10459-5
Date 2017
Published in Molecular Carcinogenesis. Hoboken, v. 56, n. 6, p. 1630-1641, 2017.
ISSN 0899-1987 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley
Extent 1630-1641
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000403698200009

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