Physical Activity and Heart Rate Variability in Adolescents with Abdominal Obesity

Physical Activity and Heart Rate Variability in Adolescents with Abdominal Obesity

Author Farah, Breno Quintella Google Scholar
Andrade-Lima, Aluisio Google Scholar
Germano-Soares, Antonio Henrique Google Scholar
Destro Christofaro, Diego Giulliano Google Scholar
Gomes de Barros, Mauro Virgilio Google Scholar
do Prado, Wagner Luiz Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ritti-Dias, Raphael M. Google Scholar
Abstract Physical activity is a protective factor for autonomic dysfunction. However, whether this occurs in adolescents with abdominal obesity is still unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the association between physical activity and heart rate variability (HRV) in adolescents with and without abdominal obesity. This cross-sectional study included 1152 boys (age: 17 +/- 1 years). HRV measures of time (root mean square of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals-RMSSD and the percentage of adjacent intervals over 50 ms-PNN50) and frequency domains (balance sympathetic-vagal-LF/HF) were evaluated, as well as total physical activity, commuting physical activity, leisure-time physical activity, and abdominal obesity. All physical activity domains were associated with better RMSSD, PNN50, and LF/HF in normal weight adolescents (p < 0.05), whereas in adolescents with abdominal obesity only leisure-time physical activity was associated with better PNN50 (b = 0.174, p = 0.035) independent of age, period of the day, body mass index, and blood pressure. In conclusion, higher leisure-time physical activity, but not total and commuting physical activity levels, was associated with improved HRV in adolescents with abdominal obesity.
Keywords Autonomic nervous system
Physical activity
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage New York
Language English
Sponsor Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)
Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education (CAPES)
Grant number CNPq: 481067/2010-8]
Date 2018
Published in Pediatric Cardiology. New York, v. 39, n. 3, p. 466-472, 2018.
ISSN 0172-0643 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer
Extent 466-472
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000426323100006

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