Pelvic floor muscle training for overactive bladder symptoms - A prospective study

Pelvic floor muscle training for overactive bladder symptoms - A prospective study

Author Fitz, Fatima Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sartori, Marair Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Girao, Manoel Joao Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Castro, Rodrigo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Introduction: Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) involves the contraction of the puborectal, anal sphincter and external urethral muscles, inhibiting the detrusor contraction, what justify its use in the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. Objective: To verify the effects of isolated PFMT on the symptoms of OAB. Method: Prospective clinical trial with 27 women with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI), with predominance of OAB symptoms and loss >= 2 g in the pad test. It was evaluated: pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) function (digital palpation and manometry)

urinary symptoms (nocturia, frequency and urinary loss)

degree of discomfort of OAB symptoms

and quality of life (Incontinence Quality-of-Life Questionnaire [I-QoL]). The PFMT program consisted of 24 outpatient sessions (2x/week + home PFMT). The Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests (with a significance level of 5%) were used to analyse the data. Results: There was a significant improvement of the urinary symptoms to the pad test (5.8 +/- 9.7, p<0.001), urinary loss (0.7 +/- 1.1, p=0.005) and nocturia (0.8 +/- 0.9, p=0.011). Reduction in the degree of discomfort of urinary symptoms was observed according to OAB-V8 questionnaire (10.0 +/- 7.7, p=0.001). There were also significant results in PFMs function: Oxford (3.6 +/- 0.9, p=0.001), endurance (5.2 +/- 1.8, p<0.001), fast (8.9 +/- 1.5, p<0.001) and manometry (26.6 +/- 15.8, p=0.003). In addition, quality of life had a significant improvement in the three domains evaluated by I-QoL. Conclusion: The PFMT without any additional guidelines improves the symptomatology, the function of PFMs and the quality of life of women with OAB symptoms.
Keywords urinary incontinence
pelvic floor
physical therapy modalities
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Sao Paulo
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira. Sao Paulo, v. 63, n. 12, p. 1032-1038, 2017.
ISSN 0104-4230 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Medica Brasileira
Extent 1032-1038
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.63.12.1032
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000426268800006
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/54012

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