The Social Aptitudes Scale: looking at both "ends" of the social functioning dimension

The Social Aptitudes Scale: looking at both "ends" of the social functioning dimension

Author Axelrud, Luiza Kvitko Google Scholar
DeSousa, Diogo Araujo Google Scholar
Manfro, Gisele Gus Google Scholar
Pan, Pedro Mario Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Knackfuss, Ana Claudia Google Scholar
Mari, Jair de Jesus Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Miguel, Euripedes Constantino Google Scholar
Rohde, Luis Augusto Google Scholar
Salum, Giovanni Abrahao Google Scholar
Abstract Dimensional approaches are likely to advance understanding of human behaviors and emotions. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether instruments in psychiatry capture variability at the full spectrum of these dimensions. We aimed to investigate this issue for two scales assessing distinct aspects of social functioning: the Social Aptitudes Scale (SAS), a "bidirectional" scale constructed to investigate both "ends" of social functioning

and the social Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL-social), a "unidirectional" scale constructed to assess social problems. We investigated 2512 children and adolescents aged 6-14. Item response theory was used to investigate on which range of the trait each scale captures information. We performed quantile regressions to investigate if correlations between SAS and CBCL-social vary within different levels of social aptitudes dimension and multiple logistic regressions to investigate associations with negative and positive clinical outcomes. SAS was able to provide information on the full range of social aptitudes, whereas CBCL-social provided information on subjects with high levels of social problems. Quantile regressions showed SAS and CBCL-social have higher correlations for subjects with low social aptitudes and non-significant correlations for subjects with high social aptitudes. Multiple logistic regressions showed that SAS was able to provide independent clinical predictions even after adjusting for CBCL-social scores. Our results provide further validity to SAS and exemplify the potential of "bidirectional" scales to dimensional assessment, allowing a better understanding of variations that occur in the population and providing information for children with typical and atypical development.
Keywords The Social Aptitudes Scale
Social functioning
Bidirectional scales
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnolo gico (CNPq, Brazil)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, Brazil)
Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP, Brazil)
Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (FAPERGS, Brazil)
Date 2017
Published in Social Psychiatry And Psychiatric Epidemiology. Heidelberg, v. 52, n. 8, p. 1031-1040, 2017.
ISSN 0933-7954 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer Heidelberg
Extent 1031-1040
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000406602600011

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