Hyaluronan Rich Microenvironment in the Limbal Stem Cell Niche Regulates Limbal Stem Cell Differentiation

Hyaluronan Rich Microenvironment in the Limbal Stem Cell Niche Regulates Limbal Stem Cell Differentiation

Author Gesteira, Tarsis F. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sun, Mingxia Google Scholar
Coulson-Thomas, Yvette M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Yamaguchi, Yu Google Scholar
Yeh, Lung-Kun Google Scholar
Hascall, Vincent Google Scholar
Coulson-Thomas, Vivien J. Google Scholar
Abstract PURPOSE. Limbal epithelial stem cells (LSCs), located in the basal layer of the corneal epithelium in the corneal limbus, are vital for maintaining the corneal epithelium. LSCs have a high capacity of self-renewal with increased potential for error-free proliferation and poor differentiation. To date, limited research has focused on unveiling the composition of the limbal stem cell niche, and, more important, on the role the specific stem cell niche may have in LSC differentiation and function. Our work investigates the composition of the extracellular matrix in the LSC niche and how it regulates LSC differentiation and function. METHODS. Hyaluronan (HA) is naturally synthesized by hyaluronan synthases (HASs), and vertebrates have the following three types: HAS1, HAS2, and HAS3. Wild-type and HAS and TSG-6 knockout mice-HAS1(-/-)

HAS3(-/-), HAS2(Delta/Delta CorEpi), TSG-6(-/-) -were used to determine the importance of the HA niche in LSC differentiation and specification. RESULTS. Our data demonstrate that the LSC niche is composed of a HA rich extracellular matrix. HAS1(-/-)

HAS3(-/-), HAS2(Delta/Delta CorEpi), and TSG-6(-/-) mice have delayed wound healing and increased inflammation after injury. Interestingly, upon insult the HAS knock-out mice upregulate HA throughout the cornea through a compensatory mechanism, and in turn this alters LSC and epithelial cell specification. CONCLUSIONS. The LSC niche is composed of a specialized HA matrix that differs from that present in the rest of the corneal epithelium, and the disruption of this specific HA matrix within the LSC niche leads to compromised corneal epithelial regeneration. Finally, our findings suggest that HA has a major role in maintaining the LSC phenotype.
Keywords limbal stem cells
hyaluronan
corneal epithelial cells
stem cell niche
Language English
Sponsor University of Houston
Mizutani Foundation
National Institutes of Health (NIH)/National Eye Institute
Grant number NIH: P30 EY07551
Date 2017
Published in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Rockville, v. 58, n. 11, p. 4407-4421, 2017.
ISSN 0146-0404 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Research Vision Ophthalmology Inc
Extent 4407-4421
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-22326
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000410944300001
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/51303

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