Psychological aspects of juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome: a literature review

Psychological aspects of juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome: a literature review

Title: Psychological aspects of juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome: a literature review;
Aspectos psicológicos da síndrome da fibromialgia juvenil: revisão de literatura
Author Goulart, Rubens Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pessoa, Cinthia Google Scholar
Lombardi Júnior, Imperio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS) is a non-inflammatory chronic pain condition that occurs mainly in girls aged nine to 15 years. JFMS is characterized by constant widespread pain in different parts of the body, poor sleep quality, daytime sleepiness and an altered mood. Concomitant psychological and organic factors result in a diminished capacity to cope with pain. The quality of life of individuals with chronic pain and their caregivers is severely restricted and the occurrence of symptoms of anxiety and depression is common in this population. The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review of the literature on psychosocial factors related to JFMS. The findings reveal differences in opinion between patients and family members regarding the effect of the condition, as mothers tend to classify JFMS as more severe than the patients themselves. Individuals with JFMS seem to share the same personality traits and there seems to be a type of family environment that is favorable to the occurrence of this condition. Psychological and functional aspects should be treated with methods that can help patients and family members alter their coping strategies regarding day-to-day problems, attenuate the dysfunctional consequences of pain and fatigue and diminish the risk of catastrophizing that individuals submitted to constant pain develop in relation to their surrounding environment. (C) 2015 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Keywords Fibromyalgia
Adolescent
Child
Psychology
ReviewCognitive-Behavioral Therapy
Family Environment
Clinical-Trial
Adolescents
Children
Pain
Preadolescents
Fibrositis
Childhood
Symptoms
Language Portuguese
Date 2016
Published in Revista Brasileira De Reumatologia. New york, v. 56, n. 1, p. 69-74, 2016.
ISSN 0482-5004 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier science inc
Extent 69-74
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbr.2015.07.008
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Revisão
Web of Science ID WOS:000374895300011
SciELO ID S0482-50042016000100069 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49534

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