Initiation of resuscitation in the delivery room for extremely preterm infants: a profile of neonatal resuscitation instructors

Initiation of resuscitation in the delivery room for extremely preterm infants: a profile of neonatal resuscitation instructors

Author Ambrosio, Cristiane Ribeiro Google Scholar
Sanudo, Adriana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Branco de Almeida, Maria Fernanda Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Guinsburg, Ruth Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to examine the decisions of pediatricians who teach neonatal resuscitation in Brazil, particularly those who start resuscitation in the delivery room for newborns born at 23-26 gestational weeks. METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional study that used electronic questionnaires (Dec/11-Sep/13) sent to instructors of the Neonatal Resuscitation Program of the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics. The primary outcome was the gestational age at which the respondent said that he/she would initiate positive pressure ventilation in the delivery room. Latent class analysis was used to identify the major profiles of these instructors, and logistic regression was used to identify variables associated with belonging to one of the derived classes. RESULTS: Of 685 instructors, 82% agreed to participate. Two latent classes were identified: 'pro-resuscitation' (instructors with a high probability of performing ventilation on infants born at 23-26 weeks) and 'prolimitation' (instructors with a high probability of starting ventilation only for infants born at 25-26 weeks). In the multivariate model, compared with the 'pro-limitation' class, 'pro-resuscitation' pediatricians were more likely to be board-certified neonatologists and less likely to base their decision on the probability of the infant's death or on moral/religious considerations. CONCLUSION: The pediatricians in the most aggressive group were more likely to be specialists in neonatology and to use less subjective criteria to make delivery room decisions.
Keywords Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Decision Making
Medical Ethics
Fetal Viability
Extremely Premature InfantDecision-Making
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Clinics. Sao paulo, v. 71, n. 4, p. 210-215, 2016.
ISSN 1807-5932 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Hospital clinicas, univ sao paulo
Extent 210-215
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000378142200006
SciELO ID S1807-59322016000400210 (statistics in SciELO)

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