Waist-to-height gain and triiodothyronine concentrations in a cohort of socially vulnerable short-stature women: a four-year follow-up study

Waist-to-height gain and triiodothyronine concentrations in a cohort of socially vulnerable short-stature women: a four-year follow-up study

Author Florencio, Telma M. M. T. Google Scholar
Bueno, Nassib B. Google Scholar
Britto, Revilane A. P. Google Scholar
Albuquerque, Fabiana C. A. Google Scholar
Lins, Isabela L. L. Google Scholar
Sawaya, Ana L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Background: Short stature that results from undernourishment during perinatal period is associated with an increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in adulthood, particularly in poor populations. The present study investigated changes on anthropometric and metabolic parameters of socially vulnerable women with short stature. Methods: A prospective study with 48 women (19-45 years) who were mothers of undernourished children was conducted. Twenty-five of them were short (height <= 150 cm), and 23 were not short, to serve as a control (height >159 cm). Biochemical, anthropometric and dietary intake data were collected, before and after 4 years of follow-up. A mixed within between analysis of covariance was used to assess the interaction between 'group' and 'time'. Results: Waist-to-height ratio increased only in the short stature group, with significant interaction (+0.03 +/- 0.03 in short group vs. +0.01 +/- 0.03 in control

p for interaction = 0.04). The short stature group showed a significant decrease in the plasma triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations, without significant interaction (-0.16 +/- 0.23 ng/ml in short group vs. -0.04 +/- 0.29 ng/ml in control

p for interaction = 0.20). Conclusion: Women of short stature presented an increase in waist-to-height ratio, with a simultaneous decrease in total plasma T3. These alterations may lead them to increased risk of comorbidities. (C) 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel
Keywords Body Weight
Developmental Origins Of Health And Disease
Low-Income Population
Obesity
Triiodothyronine
Short-Stature
Waist CircumferenceCoronary-Heart-Disease
Low-Income Population
Body-Mass Index
Energy-Expenditure
Insulin-Resistance
Abdominal Obesity
Stunted Children
Brazilian Women
Metabolic-Rate
Weight-Gain
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico - CNPq [552194/2011-5]
Grant number CNPq: 552194/2011-5
Date 2016
Published in Annals Of Nutrition And Metabolism. Basel, v. 68, n. 4, p. 298-305, 2016.
ISSN 0250-6807 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Inst Aeronautica & Espaco-Iae
Extent 298-305
Origin https://doi.org/10.1159/000447499
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000382735500009
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49417

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