Prevalence of self-medication in brazil and associated factors

Prevalence of self-medication in brazil and associated factors

Title: Prevalence of self-medication in brazil and associated factors;
Prevalência da automedicação no Brasil e fatores associados
Author Dourado Arrais, Paulo Sergio Google Scholar
Porto Fernandes, Maria Eneida Google Scholar
Dal Pizzol, Tatiane da Silva Google Scholar
Ramos, Luiz Roberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mengue, Sotero Serrate Google Scholar
Luiza, Vera Lucia Google Scholar
Leao Tavares, Noemia Urruth Google Scholar
Farias, Mareni Rocha Google Scholar
Oliveira, Maria Auxiliadora Google Scholar
Bertoldi, Andrea Damaso Google Scholar
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and associated factors regarding the use of medicines by self-medication in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted using data from the PNAUM (National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), collected between September 2013 and February 2014 by interviews at the homes of the respondents. All people who reported using any medicines not prescribed by a doctor or dentist were classified as self-medication practitioners. Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (Poisson regression) and their respective 95% confidence intervals were calculated in order to investigate the factors associated with the use of self-medication by medicines. The independent variables were: sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions and access to and use of health services. In addition, the most commonly consumed medicines by self-medication were individually identified. RESULTS: The self-medication prevalence in Brazil was 16.1% (95% CI 15.0-17.5), with it being highest in the Northeast region (23.8%

95% CI 21.6-26.2). Following the adjusted analysis, self-medication was observed to be associated with females, inhabitants from the North, Northeast and Midwest regions and individuals that have had one, or two or more chronic diseases. Analgesics and muscle relaxants were the therapeutic groups most used for self-medication, with dipyrone being the most consumed medicines. In general, most of the medicines used for self-medication were classified as non-prescriptive (65.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Self-medication is common practice in Brazil and mainly involves the use of non-prescription medicines

therefore, the users of such should be made aware of the possible risks.
Keywords Adults
Language English
Sponsor Departments of Science and Technology (DECIT) from the Secretariat of Science, Technology and Strategic Inputs (SCTIE) of the Ministry of Health [25000.111834/2]
Department for Pharmaceutical Services and Strategic Health Supplies (DAF) from the Secretariat of Science, Technology and Strategic Inputs (SCTIE) of the Ministry of Health [25000.111834/2]
Grant number SCTIE: 25000.111834/2
Date 2016
Published in Revista De Saude Publica. Sao paulo, v. 50, n. 2, p. 13s, 2016.
ISSN 0034-8910 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd
Extent 13s
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000391447400002
SciELO ID S0034-89102016000300311 (statistics in SciELO)

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