Positive Attributes Buffer the Negative Associations Between Low Intelligence and High Psychopathology With Educational Outcomes

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dc.contributor.author Hoffmann, Mauricio Scope
dc.contributor.author Leibenluft, Ellen
dc.contributor.author Stringaris, Argyris
dc.contributor.author Laporte, Paola Paganella
dc.contributor.author Pan, Pedro Mario [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Gadelha, Ary [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Manfro, Gisele Gus
dc.contributor.author Miguel, Euripedes Constantino [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Rohde, Luis Augusto
dc.contributor.author Salum, Giovanni Abrahao
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-26T17:30:28Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-26T17:30:28Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2015.10.013
dc.identifier.citation Journal Of The American Academy Of Child And Adolescent Psychiatry. New York, v. 55, n. 1, p. 47-53, 2016.
dc.identifier.issn 0890-8567
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/46080
dc.description.abstract Objective: This study examines the extent to which children's positive attributes are distinct from psychopathology. We also investigate whether positive attributes change or "buffer" the impact of low intelligence and high psychopathology on negative educational outcomes. Method: In a community sample of 2,240 children (6-14 years of age), we investigated associations among positive attributes, psychopathology, intelligence, and negative educational outcomes. Negative educational outcomes were operationalized as learning problems and poor academic performance. We tested the discriminant validity of psychopathology versus positive attributes using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and propensity score matching analysis (PSM), and used generalized estimating equations (GEE) models to test main effects and interactions among predictors of educational outcomes. Results: According to both CFA and PSM, positive attributes and psychiatric symptoms were distinct constructs. Positive attributes were associated with lower levels of negative educational outcomes, independent of intelligence and psychopathology. Positive attributes buffer the negative effects of lower intelligence on learning problems, and higher psychopathology on poor academic performance. Conclusion: Children's positive attributes are associated with lower levels of negative school outcomes. Positive attributes act both independently and by modifying the negative effects of low intelligence and high psychiatric symptoms on educational outcomes. Subsequent research should test interventions designed to foster the development of positive attributes in children at high risk for educational problems. en
dc.description.sponsorship Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
dc.description.sponsorship Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
dc.format.extent 47-53
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier Science Inc
dc.relation.ispartof Journal Of The American Academy Of Child And Adolescent Psychiatry
dc.rights Acesso aberto
dc.subject noncognitive skills en
dc.subject youth strengths inventory en
dc.subject interaction en
dc.subject schoolPsychiatric-Disorders en
dc.subject Mental-Disorders en
dc.subject Skill Formation en
dc.subject Health en
dc.subject Child en
dc.subject Attainment en
dc.subject Personality en
dc.subject Technology en
dc.subject Economics en
dc.subject Strengths en
dc.title Positive Attributes Buffer the Negative Associations Between Low Intelligence and High Psychopathology With Educational Outcomes en
dc.type Artigo
dc.description.affiliation HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, BR-90035003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation NIMH, Sect Bipolar Spectrum Disorders, Intramural Res Program, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA
dc.description.affiliation NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA
dc.description.affiliation Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat, London WC2R 2LS, England
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Sao Paulo, UNIFESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Natl Inst Dev Psychiat Children & Adolescents, INCT CNPq, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, HCPA, BR-90035003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation INCT CNPq, Brasilia, DF, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Sao Paulo, INCT CNPq, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Psychiat, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, HCPA, INCT CNPq, BR-90035003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, BR-90035003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation INCT CNPq, Brasilia, DF, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (UNIFESP)
dc.description.sponsorshipID CNPq: 573974/2008-0
dc.description.sponsorshipID FAPESP: 2008/57896-8
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jaac.2015.10.013
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000367121500009



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