Mapping of the T-cell epitope in the major 43-kilodalton glycoprotein of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis which induces a Th-1 response protective against fungal infection in BALB/c mice

Mapping of the T-cell epitope in the major 43-kilodalton glycoprotein of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis which induces a Th-1 response protective against fungal infection in BALB/c mice

Author Taborda, Carlos Pelleschi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Juliano, Maria Aparecida Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Puccia, Rosana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Franco, Marcello Fabiano de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Travassos, Luiz Rodolpho Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract The 43-kDa glycoprotein of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is the major diagnostic antigen of paracoccidioidomycosis, the prevalent systemic mycosis of Latin America, Apart from eliciting high antibody titers, gp13 is also immunodominant in delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions in infected animals and humans, The cellular immune response in mice to gp43 administered in complete Freund's adjuvant involves CD4(+) Th-l lymphocytes, secreting gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) and interleukin 2 (IL-2) but not IL-4 and IL-10, The T-cell epitope of this antigen was mapped to a 15-amino-acid peptide (P10) based on lymphoproliferations with primed cells from three different haplotypes and on a computer-assisted protein analysis, The structural requirements of the T-cell epitope were determined by assaying a series of P10 analogous and truncated peptides, Only 12-mer or longer sequences were active, confirming presentation by major histocompatibility complex II, The HTLAIR inner core of P10 is the essential domain of the epitope, with various flanking regions possible, Immunization of mice with both gp43 and P10 led to vigorous protection against intratracheal challenge by virulent P. brasiliensis, with a >200-fold decrease in lung CFU and halting of dissemination to the spleen and liver, The protective effect of P10 is mainly attributed to an IFN-gamma mediated cellular immune response, Unlike gp43, which induces an antibody response compatible with both Th-l and Th-2 activation in infected BALB/c mice, P10 does not induce a humoral response, Protection by gp43 and P10 was characterized by a few well-demarcated lung granulomas with numerous nonviable yeast forms or resolved lesions with no detectable fungal cells.
Language English
Date 1998-02-01
Published in Infection And Immunity. Washington: Amer Soc Microbiology, v. 66, n. 2, p. 786-793, 1998.
ISSN 0019-9567 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Amer Soc Microbiology
Extent 786-793
Origin http://iai.asm.org/content/66/2/786.abstract
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000071744800056
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/43966

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