Comparison of scientists of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences and of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA on the basis of the h-index

Comparison of scientists of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences and of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA on the basis of the h-index

Author Mugnaini, R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Packer, Abel Laerte Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Meneghini, Rogerio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Ctr Latino Amer & Caribe Informacao Ciencias Saud
Abstract A new scientometric indicator, the h-index, has been recently proposed (Hirsch JE. Proc Natl Acad Sci 2005; 102: 16569-16572). The index avoids some shortcomings of the calculation of the total number of citations as a parameter to evaluate scientific performance. Although it has become known only recently, it has had widespread acceptance. A comparison of the average h-index of members of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (BAS) and of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (NAS-USA) was carried out for 10 different areas of science. Although, as expected, the comparison was unfavorable to the members of the BAS, the imbalance was distinct in different areas. Since these two academies represent, to a significant extent, the science of top quality produced in each country, the comparison allows the identification of the areas in Brazil that are closer to the international stakeholders of scientific excellence. The areas of Physics and Mathematics stand out in this context. The heterogeneity of the h-index in the different areas, estimated by the median dispersion of the index, is significantly higher in the BAS than in the NAS-USA. No elements have been collected in the present study to provide an explanation for this fact.
Keywords scientometrics
bibliometrics
index h
science evaluation
scientific academy
Language English
Date 2008-04-01
Published in Brazilian Journal Of Medical And Biological Research. Sao Paulo: Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica, v. 41, n. 4, p. 258-262, 2008.
ISSN 0100-879X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica
Extent 258-262
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2008000400001
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000254737100001
SciELO ID S0100-879X2008000400001 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/43133

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