Personality features in a sample of psychophysiological insomnia patients

Personality features in a sample of psychophysiological insomnia patients

Alternative title Características de personalidade em uma amostra de pacientes com insônia psicofisiológica
Author Carvalho, Luciane Bizari Coin de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lopes, Eliane Aversa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, Luciana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Almeida, Marilaine Medeiros de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, Tatiana de Almeida e Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Neves, Afonso Carlos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Prado, Lucila Bizari Fernandes do Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Prado, Gilmar Fernandes do Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract The personality is the way people express themselves inside the environment they live. Sleep, quality or quantity, is a way of this physical and psychological expression of well being. Psychological factors, associated with psychophysiological insomnia (PPI) suggest an exaggerated perception of the difficulties to fall asleep. Worries, anxiety and the fear of not sleeping produce a bad sleep quality or sleep misperception. This study aims to identify personality features associated with PPI throughout Rorschach test (RT). Method: We studied 32 patients with PPI (22 women), between 29 and 75 years old. We excluded patients with other sleeping or psychiatric disorders. We analysed the data from PPI patients submitted to the RT and we compared our results with the standard data. Results: We noticed a significant increase in global answers and a significant decrease in detailed answers; a trend of a low number of answers; great number of shape and animal answers, especially for women. Conclusion: The features of the PPI patient's personality were daily problems insecure and the incapability to avoid or remove them from their thought, making bedtime a time for worries to appear again and motivate insomnia.
Keywords psychophysiological insomnia
cognitive behavioral therapy
Rorschach test
Language English
Date 2003-09-01
Published in Arquivos De Neuro-psiquiatria. Sao Paulo Sp: Assoc Arquivos De Neuro- Psiquiatria, v. 61, n. 3A, p. 588-590, 2003.
ISSN 0004-282X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Arquivos De Neuro- Psiquiatria
Extent 588-590
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000186186300011
SciELO ID S0004-282X2003000400011 (statistics in SciELO)

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