Differentiation of Toxoplasma gondii from closely related coccidia by riboprint analysis and a surface antigen gene polymerase chain reaction

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dc.contributor.author Brindley, Paul J.
dc.contributor.author Gazzinelli, Ricardo Tostes [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Denkers, Eric Y.
dc.contributor.author Davis, Stan W.
dc.contributor.author Dubey, J. P.
dc.contributor.author Belfort, Rubens Junior [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Martins, Maria Cristina [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Silveira, Claudio [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Jamra, Ligia
dc.contributor.author Waters, Andrew P.
dc.contributor.author Sher, Alan
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-15T13:45:59Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-15T13:45:59Z
dc.date.issued 1993-03-01
dc.identifier https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1993.48.447
dc.identifier.citation American Journal Of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene. Mclean: Amer Soc Trop Med & Hygiene, v. 48, n. 3, p. 447-456, 1993.
dc.identifier.issn 0002-9637
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/42468
dc.description.abstract The tachyzoite of the human pathogen Toxoplasma gondii is morphologically indistinguishable from the proliferative stages of some other zoonotic coccidia, including Sarcocystis. To determine the identity of such coccidia obtained from human tissues and other sources, we compared riboprints (through restriction enzyme analysis of the polymerase chain reaction [PCR]-amplified small subunit rRNA gene) of the following protozoa: the RH and ts-4 strains of T. gondii, lines OH3 and S11, which are two recently isolated T. gondii-like parasites from Brazil, Neospora caninum, Sarcocystis species, and the malarial parasite Plasmodium berghei. In addition, the protozoan genomes were examined by PCR for homologs of surface antigen genes of T. gondii, and by Southern hybridization to the heterologous rRNA gene probe pSM 389. Strains OH3, S11, ts-4, and RH shared identical riboprints, and OH3, S11, and ts-4 have p22 and p30 surface antigen gene structures similar to RH. In contrast, riboprints for N. caninum and T. gondii differ with respect to Dde 1 sites, and moreover, their genomes vary significantly from one another at both the p22 and p30 gene loci. The riboprints of Sarcocystis and P. berghei differ markedly from T. gondii and N. caninum and from each other. Bam HI pSM 389 restriction fragment length polymorphisms differentiate ts-4 from RH, OH 3, and S11. Our results confirm that OH3 and S11 are indeed T. gondii, but that N. caninum and T. gondii are likely to be separate species, thereby resolving previous uncertainties concerning the identity of these parasites. Together, the variation in riboprints and surface antigen gene structure reflects the phylogenetic diversity among these coccidia, and in addition, confirms the value of riboprinting in the identification of apicomplexan parasites such as T gondii. en
dc.format.extent 447-456
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Amer Soc Trop Med & Hygiene
dc.relation.ispartof American Journal Of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.title Differentiation of Toxoplasma gondii from closely related coccidia by riboprint analysis and a surface antigen gene polymerase chain reaction en
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution USDA
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.description.affiliation USDA, INST LIVESTOCK & POULTRY SCI, ZOONOT DIS LAB, BELTSVILLE, MD 20705 USA
dc.description.affiliation ESCOLA PAULISTA MED SCH, BR-04023 SAO PAULO, BRAZIL
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp ESCOLA PAULISTA MED SCH, BR-04023 SAO PAULO, BRAZIL
dc.identifier.doi 10.4269/ajtmh.1993.48.447
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:A1993KX84900020



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