Effect of smoking cessation on non-surgical periodontal therapy: results after 24 months

Effect of smoking cessation on non-surgical periodontal therapy: results after 24 months

Author Rosa, Ecinele Francisca Google Scholar
Corraini, Priscila Google Scholar
Inoue, Gislene Google Scholar
Gomes, Elaine Fueta Google Scholar
Guglielmetti, Mariana Rocha Google Scholar
Sanda, Sheila Regina Google Scholar
Becker Lotufo, Joao Paulo Google Scholar
Romito, Giuseppe Alexandre Google Scholar
Pannuti, Claudio Mendes Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Aarhus Univ
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Aim: the aim of this 24-month prospective study was to assess the effect of smoking cessation on non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) in adult subjects with chronic periodontitis.Materials and Methods: Relative to a previous 12-month follow-up study, recruitment and follow-up period were extended, resulting in 116 eligible among the 286 screened subjects. They received NSPT and concurrent smoking cessation interventions. Periodontal maintenance was performed every 3 months. A calibrated examiner, blinded to smoking status, performed full-mouth periodontal examination in six sites per tooth at baseline, 3, 12 and 24 months of follow-up. Expired air carbon monoxide concentration measurements and interviews were performed to gather demographic and behavioural information.Results: From the 116 enrolled subjects, 61 remained up to 24 months of follow-up. of these, 18 quit smoking (Q), 32 continued smoking (NQ) and 11 oscillated (O) at 24 months of follow-up. Thereby, Q showed significantly higher mean CAL gain in diseased sites and higher reduction in the proportion of sites with CAL >= 3 mm, when compared to NQ. in addition, Q presented significantly higher mean probing depth reduction relative to NQ(p <= 0.05).Conclusion: Smoking cessation promoted additional benefits on NSPT in chronic periodontitis subjects.
Keywords periodontal disease
periodontitis
smoking
smoking cessation
tobacco
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Grant number FAPESP: 07/54494-3
Date 2014-12-01
Published in Journal of Clinical Periodontology. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 41, n. 12, p. 1145-1153, 2014.
ISSN 0303-6979 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent 1145-1153
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12313
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000347172800005
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/38530

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