Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Lung Volumes, Respiratory Muscle Strength, and Quality of Life in Patients With Ataxia Telangiectasia

Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Lung Volumes, Respiratory Muscle Strength, and Quality of Life in Patients With Ataxia Telangiectasia

Author Félix, Erika Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gimenes, Ana Cristina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Costa-Carvalho, Beatriz Tavares Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract BackgroundAtaxia telangiectasia (AT) is a genetic syndrome caused by a mutation of chromosome 11. the clinical features are cerebellar ataxia, telangiectasia, and progressive loss of muscular coordination, including an inefficient cough secondary to progression of neurological disease.ObjectiveTo evaluate the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on ventilation, lung volume, dyspnoea, respiratory muscle strength, and quality of life in patients with AT.MethodsA longitudinal study was conducted with 11 AT patients and nine healthy volunteers. Ventilometry, subjective sensation of dyspnoea, maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), and quality of life were assessed before and after a 24-week IMT program. the IMT load used was set at 60% of the MIP, and the training was performed for 20min daily.ResultsPatients with AT had lower height and weight and also had lower respiratory muscle strength and lung volume compared with healthy volunteers. Furthermore, patients with AT showed a significant improvement when pre- and post-IMT were compared for ventilatory pattern: Vt (476.5135ml vs. 583.3 +/- 66ml, P=0.015) and f (23.3 +/- 6rpm vs. 20.4 +/- 4rpm, P=0.018), and VC (1,664 +/- 463ml/kg vs. 2,145 +/- 750ml/kg, P=0.002). IMT also significantly improved the sensation of dyspnoea (median 0.5; minimum 0; maximum 1.0; P=0.022) and respiratory muscle strength: MIP (-22.2 +/- 2cmH(2)O vs. -38 +/- 9cmH(2)O, P<0.001) and MEP (29 +/- 7cmH(2)O vs. 40 +/- 8cmH(2)O, P=0.001). the health and vitality domains of the SF-36 also showed significant improvement (P=0.009 and P=0.014, respectively) post-IMT.ConclusionIMT was effective in improving ventilatory pattern, lung volume, respiratory muscle strength, and the health and vitality domains for quality of life in patients with AT. IMT may be an effective adjunct therapy to drug treatment for patients with AT. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2014; 49:238-244. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords ataxia telangiectasia
immunodeficiency syndromes
physical therapy modalities
inspiratory muscle training
respiratory function tests
Language English
Sponsor Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2014-03-01
Published in Pediatric Pulmonology. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 49, n. 3, p. 238-244, 2014.
ISSN 8755-6863 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent 238-244
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.22828
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000331354900031
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37474

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