Aerobic plus resistance training was more effective in improving the visceral adiposity, metabolic profile and inflammatory markers than aerobic training in obese adolescents

Aerobic plus resistance training was more effective in improving the visceral adiposity, metabolic profile and inflammatory markers than aerobic training in obese adolescents

Author Damaso, Ana Raimunda Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silveira Campos, Raquel Munhoz da Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Caranti, Danielle Arisa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Piano, Aline de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Fisberg, Mauro Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Foschini, Denis Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sanches, Priscila de Lima Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tock, Lian Google Scholar
Lederman, Henrique Manoel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marco Tulio de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Weight Sci
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine whether aerobic plus resistance training (AT + RT) is more effective than aerobic training (AT) at reducing inflammatory markers and cardiovascular risk in obese adolescents. A total of 139 obese adolescents were enrolled, aged 15-19 years, body mass index (BMI) >= 95th percentile and participated in 1 year of interdisciplinary intervention. They were randomised into two groups: AT (n = 55), AT + RT (n = 61). Blood samples were collected to analyse glycaemia, insulin, the lipid profile, leptin and adiponectin concentrations. Insulin resistance was measured by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). the AT + RT group showed better results with regard to decreased body fat mass, low-density lipoprotein concentration (LDL-c) levels, subcutaneous and visceral fat and increased body lean mass. Indeed, a reduction of hyperleptinaemia and an increase in adiponectin concentrations, promoting an improvement in the leptin/adiponectin ratio, was observed. Important clinical parameters were improved in both types of exercise; however, AT + RT was more effective in improving the visceral adiposity, metabolic profile and inflammatory markers than AT alone, suggesting clinical applications for the control of intra-abdominal obesity and cardiovascular risk in the paediatric population.
Keywords visceral fat
obesity
exercise
adolescents
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Associacao Fundo de Incentivo a Pesquisa-AFIP
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP
Grupo de Estudos da Obesidade-GEO
Grant number FAPESP: 2008/53069-0
FAPESP: 2006/00684-3
FAPESP: 2011/50356-0
FAPESP: 2011/50414-0
FAPESP: 2013/041364
FAPESP: 9814303-3
CAPES: PNPD2566/2011
Date 2014-01-01
Published in Journal of Sports Sciences. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 32, n. 15, p. 1435-1445, 2014.
ISSN 0264-0414 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Taylor & Francis Ltd
Extent 1435-1445
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.900692
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000340480500003
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37264

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