Symptoms of sleep disorders and objective academic performance

Symptoms of sleep disorders and objective academic performance

Author Coin de Carvalho, Luciane Bizari Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Prado, Lucila Bizari Fernandes do Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferreira, Vanessa Ruotolo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Rocha Figueiredo, Mariana Bezerra da Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Jung, Aline Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Morais, Jose Fausto de Google Scholar
Prado, Gilmar Fernandes do Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU)
Abstract Objective: We aimed to compare the academic performance of children with and without symptoms of sleep disorders (SSD).Methods: We distributed 5400 questionnaires (Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children [SDSC], Brazilian version) to 7- to 10-year-old children at public elementary schools in São Paulo, Brazil. We analyzed the academic grades of Portuguese (Port) and Mathematics (Math) in 2384 children (1224 girls; 51%). Grades were assigned on a scale of 0-10 and five was considered a passing grade. Children with symptoms of sleep disorders (SSD) and symptoms of sleep-breathing disorders (SSBD) were compared to children with no symptoms of SSD (no-SSD).Results: Mean Port (6.6 +/- 2.2) and Math (6.3 +/- 2.2) grades were lower in children with SSD or sleep-breathing disorders (SBD) than those among children with no-SSD (Port, 7.1 +/- 2.1 and Math, 7.1 +/- 2.1; P < .05). Boys with SSD or SSBD had lower grades (Port, 6.4 +/- 2.2 and Math, 6.1 +/- 2.2) than girls (Port, 6.9 +/- 2.2 and Math, 6.5 +/- 2.2; P < .05). There were more children with failing Port grades with SSD or SSBD (13%) than those among children with no-SSD (9%; P < .05). Regarding Math, 25.4% of SSD or SSBD children had failing grades vs. 8.4% of children with no-SSD (P < .05).Conclusion: in our sample, children with SSD particularly SBD were at increased risk for poor academic performance in Math and Port. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords Sleep disorders
Children
School performance
Sleep breathing disorders
Questionnaire
Cognition
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Grant number FAPESP: 02/02145-1
Date 2013-09-01
Published in Sleep Medicine. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 14, n. 9, p. 872-876, 2013.
ISSN 1389-9457 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 872-876
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2013.05.011
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000323603300013
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36721

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