Childhood Alcohol Use May Predict Adolescent Binge Drinking: A Multivariate Analysis among Adolescents in Brazil

Childhood Alcohol Use May Predict Adolescent Binge Drinking: A Multivariate Analysis among Adolescents in Brazil

Author Sanchez, Zila M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santos, Mariana G. R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pereira, Ana Paula D. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nappo, Solange A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Carlini, Elisaldo A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Carlini, Claudia M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Martins, Silvia S. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Columbia Univ
Abstract Objectives To test the hypothesis that first alcohol use during childhood is associated with heavy drinking patterns during adolescence and with parental drinking patterns and parental rules about alcohol consumption.Study design A national cross-sectional survey of 17 371 high-school students. Students were drawn from 789 public and private schools in all the Brazilian state capitals using a multistage probabilistic sampling method and a self-report questionnaire. Weighted data were analyzed through logistic regression testing for differences on the associated factors for first use of alcohol during childhood. Survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard models were used to confirm results.Results Among the 82% alcohol lifetime users, 11% had first used alcohol before age 12 years. the lack of perception of possible punishment by parents is associated with childhood alcohol use (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.67-2.95). Adolescents who first used alcohol during childhood compared with those who only used alcohol at later ages are more likely to engage in binge drinking behaviors (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.17-2.10), to have a pattern of heavy alcohol use (OR 1.98, 95% CI 1.26-3.09), and to have recently used illegal drugs (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.39-2.16). According to hazard ratios, students with an earlier age of onset were more likely to have used tobacco and any illegal drug in the past year.Conclusions Childhood alcohol may be a risk factor for the most dangerous patterns of alcohol use in adolescence and is associated with parental alcohol use. Parental rules about child alcohol use must be clear because perception of punishment might delay the age of first alcohol use.
Language English
Sponsor SENAD (National Secretariat for Drug Policies) of the Brazilian Federal Government
National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Grant number National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse): DA023434
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: HD060072
Date 2013-08-01
Published in Journal of Pediatrics. New York: Mosby-Elsevier, v. 163, n. 2, p. 363-368, 2013.
ISSN 0022-3476 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 363-368
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.01.029
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000322959500013
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36606

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