Association between leisure time, physical activity, and mood disorder levels in individuals with epilepsy

Association between leisure time, physical activity, and mood disorder levels in individuals with epilepsy

Author Lima, Cristiano de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Barbosa de Lira, Claudio Andre Google Scholar
Arida, Ricardo Mario Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andersen, Monica Levy Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Matos, Gabriela Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Figueiredo Ferreira Guilhoto, Laura Maria de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Targas Yacubian, Elza Marcia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Albuquerque, Marly de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andrade, Marilia dos Santos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vancini, Rodrigo Luiz Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
UFG
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the association between physical activity levels (occupational, sports, and leisure time activities), depression, anxiety, and epilepsy. the behavioral outcomes of individuals with epilepsy (E) were also compared with healthy control subjects (C). the sample included 31 individuals with epilepsy (12 with idiopathic generalized epilepsy and 19 with partial epilepsy) and 31 control subjects. Self-rating questionnaires were used to assess mood (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory), anxiety, and depression as well as habitual physical activity. Patients with epilepsy were more severely impaired compared to control subjects in both mood questionnaires and presented higher levels of depression (35%), state anxiety (18%), and trait anxiety (12.6%) when compared to the C group. Although physical activity level did not differ significantly between groups, linear regression analyses showed that the physical activity leisure level predicted 31% of depression levels and 26% of anxiety levels in the E group. These data suggest that low levels of physical activity may be considered a risk factor for the development of depression and anxiety and can play an important role in the quality of life of individuals with epilepsy. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords Epilepsy
Depression
Anxiety
Exercise
Level of habitual physical activity
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Associacao de Fundo Incentivo a Pesquisa
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Grant number FAPESP: 2010/15110-8
FAPESP: 2012/10738-4
Date 2013-07-01
Published in Epilepsy & Behavior. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 28, n. 1, p. 47-51, 2013.
ISSN 1525-5050 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 47-51
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2013.03.016
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000320423500010
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36505

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