Oral breathing and speech disorders in children

Oral breathing and speech disorders in children

Author Hitos, Silvia F. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Arakaki, Renata Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sole, Dirceu Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Weckx, Luc L. M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective: To assess speech alterations in mouth-breathing children, and to correlate them with the respiratory type, etiology, gender, and age.Method: A total of 439 mouth-breathers were evaluated, aged between 4 and 12 years. the presence of speech alterations in children older than 5 years was considered delayed speech development. the observed alterations were tongue interposition (TI), frontal lisp (FL), articulatory disorders (AD), sound omissions (SO), and lateral lisp (LL). the etiology of mouth breathing, gender, age, respiratory type, and speech disorders were correlated.Results: Speech alterations were diagnosed in 31.2% of patients, unrelated to the respiratory type: oral or mixed. Increased frequency of articulatory disorders and more than one speech disorder were observed in males. TI was observed in 53.3% patients, followed by AD in 26.3%, and by FL in 21.9%. the co-occurrence of two or more speech alterations was observed in 24.8% of the children.Conclusion: Mouth breathing can affect speech development, socialization, and school performance. Early detection of mouth breathing is essential to prevent and minimize its negative effects on the overall development of individuals. (C) 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Keywords Joint disorders
Mouth breathing
Rhinitis
Palatine tonsils
Adenoid
Language English
Date 2013-07-01
Published in Jornal de Pediatria. Rio de Janeiro, Rj: Soc Brasil Pediatria, v. 89, n. 4, p. 361-365, 2013.
ISSN 0021-7557 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Soc Brasil Pediatria
Extent 361-365
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2012.12.007
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000323798300007
SciELO ID S0021-75572013000400007 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36445

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