Risk Factors and Outcomes of Unplanned PICU Postoperative Admissions: A Nested Case-Control Study

Risk Factors and Outcomes of Unplanned PICU Postoperative Admissions: A Nested Case-Control Study

Author Lucas da Silva, Paulo Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Aguiar, Vania Euzebio de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Machado Fonseca, Marcelo Cunio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Background: Although unplanned postoperative admission to PICUs (unplanned intensive care admission [UIA]) is uncommon, it might be associated with increased costs, morbidity, and mortality. However, detailed knowledge of risk factors and outcomes after UIA in children is still lacking.Objectives: To determine prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes of UIA patients compared with non-UIA patients.Design: Case-control study.Setting: A tertiary university-affiliated hospital.Patients: All postoperative children admitted to the PICU were monitored for UIA. About 28 cases and 88 controls were included.Interventions: none.Measurements and Main Results: the overall prevalence of UIA was 2.6%. About 28 patients (24.1%) of 116 had unplanned admission. Multiple logistic regression revealed that factors predicting UIA were airway abnormality (odds ratio 16.2, 95% confidence interval 2.65-99.6), anesthetic factors (odds ratio 5.8, 95% confidence interval 1.06-32.2), and hypoxia intraoperative (odds ratio 7.4, 95% confidence interval 1.21-46.24). Procedures on abdomen, emergency surgery, combined anesthesia, and occurrence of intraoperative adverse events were also risk factors for an UIA. Patients with UIA had longer duration of mechanical ventilation than non-UIA patients (4.5 vs. 2 days, p = 0.01), but there were no differences in length of PICU and hospital stays. Preventable adverse events were detected in 25% of U IA children.Conclusions: Airway abnormality, anesthetic factors, and hypoxia intraoperative were risk factors associated with UIA. Although preventable events contribute significantly to unplanned PICU admissions, they constitute a room of opportunity in quality improvement programs.
Keywords admissions
adverse events
anesthesia
children
complications
pediatric intensive care
Language English
Date 2013-05-01
Published in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 14, n. 4, p. 420-428, 2013.
ISSN 1529-7535 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Extent 420-428
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0b013e3182720fab
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000318680000017
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36319

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