Early determinants of overweight and obesity at 5 years old in preschoolers from inner of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Early determinants of overweight and obesity at 5 years old in preschoolers from inner of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Alternative title Los primeros determinantes del sobrepeso y la obesidad a los 5 años de edad en preescolares del interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil
Author Nobre, Luciana Neri Google Scholar
Silva, Kellen Cristine Google Scholar
Ferreira, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Moreira, Lidiane Lopes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lessa, Angelina do Carmo Google Scholar
Lamounier, Joel Alves Google Scholar
Franceschini, Sylvia do Carrno Castro Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Fed Univ Vales Jequitinhonha & Mucuri
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Federal Univ Sao Joao Del Rei
Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV)
Abstract Introduction: Brazil is experiencing a nutritional transition characterized by a reduction in the prevalence of nutritional deficits and an increase in overweight and obesity, not only in adults but also in children and adolescents.Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the factors associated with overweight and obesity in Brazilian 5-year-old preschoolers.Methods: A cross-sectional study of a cohort of 232 preschoolers born in Diamantina/Minas Gerais, Brazil, was undertaken. the data, including socioeconomic status, anthropometry, diet, previous history of the preschoolers and family history, were collected between July of 2009 and July of 2010. To identify the factors associated with overweight and obesity, a logistic regression and a hierarchical model were undertaken.Results: Overweight and obesity occurred in 17.2% of the preschoolers. After adjusting for mother's obesity, per capita income, protective food intake, weight gain at age 0-4 months and time spent playing, the factors associated with overweight and obesity that reached statistical significance were mother's obesity [OR = 3.12 (95% CI 1.41-6.91), P = 0.01], weight gain of more than 0.85 kg/month in the first four months of life [OR = 2.16 (95% CI 1.01-4.64), P = 0.041 and lower per capita income [OR = 0.32 (95 %CI 0.13-0.79), P = 0.01].Conclusion: the results show that more weight gain during the first four months of life and being born of mothers with obesity increased the odds of overweight/obesity in the preschoolers, while lower per capita income was a protective factor.
Keywords Preschool
Overweight
Obesity
Income
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG)
Grant number FAPEMIG: APQ-00428-08
Date 2013-05-01
Published in Nutricion Hospitalaria. Madrid: Aula Medica Ediciones, v. 28, n. 3, p. 764-771, 2013.
ISSN 0212-1611 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Aula Medica Ediciones
Extent 764-771
Origin http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/nh/v28n3/31_original27.pdf
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000318666500031
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36256

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