Acupuncture for tension-type headache in pregnancy: A prospective, randomized, controlled study

Acupuncture for tension-type headache in pregnancy: A prospective, randomized, controlled study

Author Guerreiro da Silva, J. B. Google Scholar
Nakamura, M. U. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cordeiro, J. A. Google Scholar
Kulay, L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Rio Preto Med Sch
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Acupuncture for tension-type headache in pregnancy: a prospective, randomized, controlled study.Aim: This study was undertaken to test, under real-life conditions, the effects of acupuncture on headaches during pregnancy and compare this with a group of patients undergoing conventional treatment alone.Methodology: Forty-three conventionally treated (lifestyle modifications and stretching) pregnant women were randomly allocated into two groups to routine care or acupuncture. the severity and disability caused by this pain and its affect on mood, sleep and work were assessed using a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). the main end-point was the mean difference between the first and the last interview after eight weeks of treatment. Secondary end points were the changes over time in the NRS assessments of pain intensity, disturbances in mood, sleep and working and the use of medications.Differences between initial and final sessions were analyzed by a two-sample test. Changes over time in the NRS assessment were analyzed by the Fisher exact test. Mood's test for medians was used and a p-value < 0.05 indicated a significant difference.Results: All women completed the treatment. No important adverse effects related to acupuncture treatment or to pregnancy's outcome were reported. Significant improvements were demonstrated for pain at the end of the trial in the study group, 3.9 vs 1.7 difference in favor to acupuncture group (p < 0.05). This group also used less medication and had a greater improvement in mood and sleep when compared with the control group.Conclusions: This study suggests acupuncture alleviates tension-type headaches during pregnancy. (C) 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Keywords Acupuncture
Headache
Pain measurement
Pregnancy
Prenatal care
Tension-type headache
Language English
Date 2012-12-01
Published in European Journal of Integrative Medicine. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 4, n. 4, p. E366-E370, 2012.
ISSN 1876-3820 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent E366-E370
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2012.04.002
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000312093100002
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35561

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