Long-term effects of aerobic plus resistance training on the adipokines and neuropeptides in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease obese adolescents

Long-term effects of aerobic plus resistance training on the adipokines and neuropeptides in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease obese adolescents

Author Piano, Aline de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marco T. de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sanches, Priscila de L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, Patricia L. da Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Campos, Raquel M. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Carnier, June Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Corgosinho, Flavia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Foschini, Denis Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Masquio, Deborah L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tock, Lian Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Oyama, Lila M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Penha Oller do Nascimento, Claudia Maria da Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Damaso, Ana R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective To compare the effects of aerobic training (AT) with aerobic plus resistance training (AT+RT) in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) obese adolescents.Design Long-term interdisciplinary weight-loss therapy (1 year of clinical, nutritional, psychological, and exercise-related intervention).Participants Fifty-eight postpubertal obese adolescents were randomized to AT or AT+RT according to NAFLD diagnosis. Adipokine and neuropeptide concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, visceral fat by ultrasound, and body composition by plethysmography.Results the NAFLD group that followed the AT+RT protocol presented lower insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and alanine transaminase (ALT) values after intervention compared with AT. It was verified that there was a higher magnitude of change in the subcutaneous fat, glycemia, total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, ALT, and adiponectin in response to AT+RT than in the control group (AT). All patients who underwent the AT+RT exhibited significantly higher adiponectin, leptin, and Delta adiponectin and lower melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) concentrations after therapy compared with the AT group. in the simple linear regression analysis, changes in glycemia, insulin, and HOMA-IR were independent predictors of significant improvement in adiponectin concentration. Indeed, Delta AST (aspartate transaminase) and Delta GGT (gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase) were independent predictors of Delta ALT, while Delta fat mass and Delta AgRP (agouti-related protein) were independent predictors of Delta MCH. Although the number of patients was limited, we showed for the first time the positive effects of AT+RT protocol in a long-term interdisciplinary therapy to improve inflammatory biomarkers and to reduce orexigenic neuropeptide concentrations in NAFLD obese adolescents.Conclusion the long-term interdisciplinary therapy with AT+RT protocol was more effective in significantly improving noninvasive biomarkers of NAFLD that are associated with the highest risk of disease progression in the pediatric population. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 24: 1313-1324 (C) 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Keywords adolescent
exercise
nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
obesity
Language English
Sponsor AFIP
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
CENESP
FADA
UNIFESP-EPM
Grant number FAPESP: 2006/00684-3
FAPESP: 2008/53069-0
FAPESP: 9814303-3
Date 2012-11-01
Published in European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 24, n. 11, p. 1313-1324, 2012.
ISSN 0954-691X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Extent 1313-1324
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0b013e32835793ac
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000309553900012
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35479

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